Analysis of Katerina: An Angel In The Flesh by Femi Fani Kayode

THE ANALYSIS:-

“Katerina: An Angel In The Flesh” is a descriptive love poem that embraced the instrument of praise and prayer.

The most part of the poem described Femi Fani Kayode’s Katerina as an extraordinary beauty; using the same hyperbolical language of William Shakespeare’s craftiness. The ending part of the poem carry some hope words that are tabled in form of prayer.

Few of the poetic devices in the poem are enjambment (as ideas or expressions flow beyond a single line), simile (many comparisons are made in the poem using “like” for instance “Your Continue reading Analysis of Katerina: An Angel In The Flesh by Femi Fani Kayode

Analysis Of Ozymandias By Percy Bysshe Shelley

Ozymandias by Percy Bysshe Shelley in terms of the antique trait of the poem, it reminds me of the poem titled “Relic” by Ted Hughes. There are two different sonnets having the same title (Ozymandias by Percy Bysshe Shelley and Ozymandias by Horace Smith) but the one on our discussion table is about one of the sculpt images of the Greek ruler found by an archeologist in a desert which assumed to be a kingdom gone to extinction.
The image was a shattered statue remaining only the face of the Greek king. Where beneath the stone image was written:
‘My name is Ozymandias, king of kings:
Look on my works, ye Mighty, and despair!’

The poem titled “Ozymandias” is a sonnet, written in loose iambic pentameter, where the first stanza has eight lines and six lines for the second stanza. Most sonnets end in a rhyming couplet but this is an exception. Both stanzas are dedicated to the description of the stone image. In stanza one, readers are given a clear picture of how the statue was found, the damage that had befallen the statue, the pride and arrogance portrayed by the statue, etc.

The following are the themes of the poem:-
(1) Futility of wealth and status: With the little that is left to remind the Continue reading Analysis Of Ozymandias By Percy Bysshe Shelley

Analysis Of O Captain My Captain By Walt Whitman

Structurally, this twenty four line poem is divided into three equal stanza of eight lines per stanza. For the record, Walt Whitman is known for his unpredictable rhythm and rhyme scheme. Though the poem has some evidence of end rhyme scheme,  word arrangement looks wobbling and irregular like the current of the ocean. It is no surprise that the poem took such arrangement since the poem has a sea setting with the use of words such as “shore” “ship” “Captain” “vessel” “voyage” “deck”.

This poem falls under the category of war poem but the fact that it is an elegy cannot be denied. The poem speakers indirectly mourns the death of his captain who has fallen in battle. Speaking with ignorance, the poet calls on his dead captain as he was sleeping, asking him to rise up; after which he tells the readers through his contrasting refrain that “…my Captain lies/ Fallen cold and dead”.

In stanza 1, the speaker notifies his captain that the battle is over and won. Stanza 2 tells the captain of the crowd at shore happily ready to celebrate with him. Stanza 3 is where the speaker of the poem hit the nail in the head by coming into reality:
“My Captain does not answer, his lips are pale and still
My father does not feel my arm, he has no pulse nor will;
The ship is anchor’d safe and sound, its voyage closed and done,
From fearful trip the victor ship comes in with Continue reading Analysis Of O Captain My Captain By Walt Whitman

Analysis Of Advertising By A S J Tessimond

Literature is the mirror of life and poetry is a vital element for its reflections. A. S. J. Tessimond in the poem “Advertising” showcased what the motive behind advertisements in a poetic way. The poet prove that advert is conversion (it shows the seller has better knowledge than the consumer in terms of the products that will be of usefulness to the consumer)

The use of punctuation marks in the poem signifies a lot. Question mark used in line 10 is basically to clear the buyers’ doubt on the hyperbole seen between lines 9-10 (Who tells you that ten million men have long/ Called a stone bread_ and can ten million men be wrong?) Exclamation mark used in lines 3-4 is to command the actions, to compel the emotions, to further push the desires of the buyer.

In accordance with the voice of the poem speaker, the poem has an affirming, commanding, and assuring tone. Like a soothsayer, the voice of the poem shows that the seller or advertiser knows the buyer or consumer better than himself or herself. With the use of metaphors the speaker placed himself or herself higher than the buyer by saying:
“I am your wish and I its answer.
I am the drum and you the dancer.
I am the trumpet-voice, the Stentor.
I am temptation, I the Mentor”

The quoted lines above also carry some anaphora. There are instances of word repetition; words like “voice” “men” “save” “spend” “turning”. Alliterations in the poem are “gleam or glint” in line 1. “the almost-gems that glisten’ in line 4. “I am the drum and you the dancer” in line 6. “ten million men” in line 9. Metonymy in line 14 “cradle to grave”. Antithesis in line 11 “you spend to save and save to spend”.

The themes evident in the poem are Advertising as a vital tool for selling. This is the central theme of the poem which doesn’t only show as the title of the poem but also in the words of the persona. Another theme of note is the inevitability of buying and selling among humans. In the ending part of the poem, the words of the poet emphasized that buying and selling makes the world go round and everlasting:
But always spend that wheels may never end
Their turning and by turning let you spend to save
And save to spend, world without end, cradle to grave.” (lines 12-14)

A. S. J. Tessimond is an English poet with the full name Arthur Seymour John Tessimond. He lived between 1902 to 1962.

>>>READ MORE POETIC ANALYSIS (by William Faulkner)

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Analysis Of Ode To The West Wind By Percy Bysshe Shelley

Percy B. Shelley was an English Romantic poet born on the 4th of August 1792 at West Sussex, England. He died at the tender age of 29 years old on the 8th of July 1822 in Italy.

Ode to the West Wind by Percy Bysshe Shelley is a praise poem written to portray the sweetness of influence and power possession though many poetry analysts have suggested all sorts of motives. Some have claimed it’s an elegy others have claimed otherwise; amidst diverse claims, what if Wikipedia has things to say?

Which brings us to the question: what does wikipedia has to say about the motive of Shelley in the poem “Ode to the West Wind”? The knowledge archive stood on the fact that the poet’s previous poems (The Masque of Anarchy, Prometheus Unbound, and England in 1819) share the same subject opinion with the one on discussion Continue reading Analysis Of Ode To The West Wind By Percy Bysshe Shelley

Compare And Contrast Birches By Robert Frost And The Schoolboy by William Blake

Differences:-
(1) Background. The poets share differences in territorial background; William Blake was an English poet born in Broadwick St. Soho, London. While Robert Frost was an American poet born in San Francisco, California.

(2) Plot. Both poems go different direction in terms of narration. The Schoolboy by William Blake talks about child who preferred informal education to the mandatory formal education enforced on him by his parents; while Birches by Robert Frost speaks of his delightful childhood experience of swinging birches Continue reading Compare And Contrast Birches By Robert Frost And The Schoolboy by William Blake

Analysis Of Vanity By Birago Diop

Birago Diop is one among the poets of culture. The following poems of his_ Vanity, Breath, etc. are prove of his love for African customs and norms. He was a Senegalese poet of African folktales and folklores who lived between 11 December 1906 and 25 November 1989. Till this day, his name has never been undermined when mentioning the pioneer figures of the Négritude literary movement.

As a faithful steward of African tutelage, Birago Diop understood the implications of paying deaf ears and lip services to the deep rooted ways of the forefathers. In the poem vanity, Birago Diop cried out his regrets for himself and the contemporary Africans who have belittled the African tradition by cherishing and glorifying the alien cultural lifestyle. He didn’t forget to mention that those who had downgraded their African root suffered it; leaving the signs of their punishment everywhere:
“Just as our ears were deaf
To their cries, to their wild appeals
They have left on the earth their cries
In the air, on the water, where they have traced their signs
For us blind deaf and unworthy Sons”

This thirty line poem, chopped into multiple stanzas, has an unhappy tone and candidly speaking, the reoccurring rhetorical questions and repetitions of lines reflect the poet’s mood of admonition. With the use of words such as “air” “water” “earth” the poem can be partly considered a poem of nature; but what can be said about the setting? The setting of the poem seems communal (truly really humanlike).

Let’s now focus on the themes of Vanity by Birago Diop.
(1) We have the theme of African cultural decadence. The message of the poet shows that African are no longer following the valuable paths of their ancestral living which happens to be the only way African culture can remain intact.

(2) The theme of irreversibility: The title and the chosen words of the poet through his pessimist tone, show that the deed is done and will never be undone. He claimed that even his lamentation will go in vain because their “ears were deaf” and they were also “blind deaf and unworthy Sons”.

(3) The theme of death and punishment: In the poem Vanity by Birago Diop, the word “Dead” appeared more than once and in the forth stanza it was used as a symbol to symbolise the ancestors. It shows the importance of ancestral believe in Africa. Dead in the poem, if keenly examined symbolized punishment. Other signs of punishment in the poem are the mentioned act of crying and clamouring seen in the poem which shows the unwholesomeness that exists within the African society.

“If we cry roughly of our torment”
It is very crucial to note that the word “cry” in the above quote is a metonymy used to replace the word “rage”.

8 Figures Of Speech In Vanity by Birago Diop

3 Major Poetic Devices In Vanity by Birago Diop

Relate Vanity By Birago Diop To Our Contemporary Lives

The Use Of Synonyms In Vanity By Birago Diop

What Literary Devices Are In Sad Complaining Voices Of Beggars From Vanity By Birago Diop

Breaths by Birago Diop

The similarities between Vanity by Birago Diop and Piano and Drums by Gabriel Okara
To still mention that Birago Diop and Gabriel Okara are both well recognized African poets will amount to tautology but it cannot be left unsaid that their poems in question, share the same cultural theme which is simply the gradual neglect of African cultural believes and traditions.

Diop put his message across to readers through clamouring and admonition with a pessimistic mood while Okara tabled his own message via comparison by comparing his simple past African background to his complex present European lifestyle.

Another similarities are in terms of structure and style. Both poems are of multiple stanzas, both poems are in free verse, both poems are fortified with imageries (sight and sound), both poems carry symbolisms among other similarities.

READ MORE POETIC ANALYSIS [how suitable is the title vanity]

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying) Continue reading Analysis Of Vanity By Birago Diop

How To Excel In Literature-In-English Examination

Speaking generally about Literature-in-English examinations, not excluding WAEC, NECO, GCE, etc.

Two simple facts are necessary for excellence in the examination to be guaranteed, they are (i) Studying according to the recommended texts (ii) Understanding the  monotonous style of the questions.

(#1) To Study According To Recommended Texts:-
Taking West African Literature-in-English examination as a case study, it is necessary for any candidate willing to sit for WAEC, NECO or GCE to lay hold of the recommended texts and study them carefully. Having the appropriate syllabus will be a wise step towards success; the word “appropriate” must be of note since WAEC for example, does change her Literature-In-English syllable at a specific interval (precisely every four years) which means that some texts that are found helpful for success may later become not helpful.

Based on the West African Examination Council (WAEC) Literature-In-English syllabus 2016-2020, the following are recommended:-

GENRE AFRICAN NON-AFRICAN
PROSE

(1) Faceless by Amma Dark

(2) Lonely Days by Bayo Adebowale

(1) Native Son by Richard Wright

(2) The Last Good Man by Patience Swift

DRAMA

(1) Harvest of Corruption by Frank O. Ogbeche

(2) Blood of a Stranger by Dele Charley

(1) She Stoops to Conquer by Oliver Goldsmith

(2) A Raisin in the Sun by Lorraine Hansberry

(3) Othello by William Shakespeare

POETRY

(1) Piano and Drums by Gabriel Okara

(2) Vanity by Birago Diop

(3) The Anvil and The Hammer by Kofi Awoonor

(4) Ambush by Gbemisola Adeoti

(5) The Dining Table by Gbanabom Hallowell

(6) The Panic of Growing Older by Lenrie Peters

(1) Birches by Robert Frost

(2) The Proud King by William Morris

(3) Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’s Day by William Shakespeare

(4) The Pulley by George Herbert

(5) Crossing the Bar by Alfred Lord Tennyson

(6) The Schoolboy by William Blake

(#2) Common Style of Setting Question:-
Keen observation has shown that the body responsible for setting Literature-in-English examination does repeat the questions year in year out and that is why the compiled past questions have been of an immense help but the absolute understanding of the tactics to which the questions are shaped will give an examination candidate the best frame of mind to tackle the questions.
As a Literature-in-English teacher, I revealed to my students the following clues about Literature-in-English questions_ thanks to naijapoets.com. I took the WAEC poetry questions for the past 20 years as a case study; in order assure them that all the questions can be grouped into three (namely denotation, theme, and poetic devices). The major reason candidates are not able to clearly understand the poetry questions is due to indirectness; the poetry questions are twisted.
i. Denotation which is also the surface meaning of the poem, preoccupation, etc. Here are few past WAEC poetry questions which are indirectly referring to the surface meaning of a poem:-
(A) Poet’s attitude to affliction in On His Blindness [WAEC 2008]
(B) Suffering of masses in Myopia [WAEC 2012]
(C) Poet’s message to the court, church and potentates in The Soul’s Errand [WAEC 2011]
(D) The significance of The Executioner’s Dream
(E) Character of Ulysses in the poem
(F) Link between fortune of rich and poor in Homeless Not Hopeless [WAEC 2013]
(G) Regret of the slain soldier in Strange Meeting [WAEC 2014]

ii. Theme which is also the main message, subject of a talk, etc. Here are few past WAEC poetry questions which are referring to the subject of the talk:-
(A) Thematic preoccupation of Mtshali in Nightfall in Soweto [WAEC 1998]
(B) Theme of love in I Will Pronounce Your Name [WAEC 2007]
(C) Theme of conflict of culture in In the Navel of the Soul
(D) Theme of regretted love in To His Coy Mistress [WAEC 2010]
(E) Theme of permanence in Ode to a Grecian Urn
(F) Theme of poverty in Myopia

iii. Poetic devices which also mean figure of speech, use of device, etc. Here are few past WAEC poetry questions which are indirectly referring to the figures of speech:-
(A) Use of language in An African Thunderstorm
(B) The use of imagery in We Have Come Home [WAEC 2002]
(C) Mood of the poet in An Irish Airman Foresees His Death
(D) Contrast as poetic device in In the Navel of the Soul [WAEC 2008]
(E) Use of symbolism in The Road not Taken
(F) Effectiveness of literary device in Salute to the Elephant
(G) Poet’s diction in The Fence [WAEC 2011]
(H) Figures of speech in I Will Pronounce Your Name [WAEC 2009]

I hope anyone who has carefully read this post must have got the grasp of the message passed here; and if kept at heart, might become a treasure to the attainment of success.

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Analysis Of Leaving Town By James Reeves

Leaving Town by James Reeves is a fourteen-line descriptive poem. It describes the reactions of people of a certain town (referred to as "we') who aims to leave the town after a certain natural disaster (maybe earthquake or volcano) but their attempts seems hopeless as a result of the huge damage and rush of people to escape.

The poem is straightforward. The line one of the poem opposes the title of the poem. Though the poem is titled "Leaving Town" but the opening line of the poem immediately tells the reader that such will not happen: "It was impossible to leave the town"(says line 1) then the further part of the poem shows the reasons behind the impossibility. From the tone of the poet, it is evident that impatience has mixed with confusion in their state of urgency; escape is necessary but unattainable.

"We finished in a little cul-de-sac" (in line 11)
According to the dictionary, a cul-de-sac is a street with an opening at one end only; a blind alley.
In respect to line 11, the poet says that the damage turns the town into a one way street having a bottleneck entrance and exit as a result of the congested traffic.

"And like Hesperides the suburbs seemed"
The line means that the distant villages afar the town now seems like a safety Paradise but which is impossible to reach.
According to wikipedia, "the garden of the Hesperides is located in Tartessos a location placed in the south of the liberian peninsula." Hesperides is a mythical garden of golden apples, supposed to be at the extreme west of the earth.

The poem has the theme of disaster and its negative effects; with use of expressions such as "We could not get away from the canal"(in line 4), "Dead cats, dead hopes..." (in line 5), "on the pavement sat a ragged girl/ Mourning beside a jug-and-bottle entrance"(in line 12-13).

There is also the theme of hopelessness; with the use of expressions such as "It was impossible to leave the town"(in line 1), "We could not get away from the canal"(in line 4), "We finished in a little cul-de-sac"(in line 11), "Once more we turned the car and started back"(in line 14).

Few of the figures of speech are repetition in line 5, assonance in line 2, alliteration in line 3, simile in line 8, allusion in line 9, and a lot of imageries in the poem.

James Reeves was a British author who specialized in poetry; he was born 1-07-1909 but died 01-05-1978. His birth name was John Morris Reeves (as stated in wikipedia article)

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Analysis Of Music By Charles Baudelaire

The Poet:-

Charles Baudelaire is a French author and poet who lived forty six years on earth between 1821 and 1867. One among his notable poetry works is Les Fleurs Du Mal (The Flowers Of Evil)

Denotation:-

This poem gives a detailed experience of sailing; it talks about the foggy experience on the sea, the endless view of the sea, the waves waging war against the ship, the continuous sound of the ropes against the rigged mast of the ship, the calmness of the seas (which metaphorical was likened to a mirror). At the opening of the poem, the poet likened himself to a ship and likened music to a sailing experience on the sea. Music lifts the poet the same way the sea lifts the ship.

Connotation:-

The themes evident in the poem are (i) the memorable experience of sailing (ii) the beautiful impacts of music.

Structurally, it must be said that the poem has a sea setting though the title and introduction depict music. it is a four stanza poem where the first line rhymes with the third line to portray an end rhyming scheme of ABAB ABAB. The first stanza contains four lines, the second stanza contains four lines, the third stanza contains three lines and fourth stanza contains three lines.

To summarize by each stanza, the stanza 1 says of how music is like sailing a ship, the stanza 2 further says of the poet push through music like a ship pushing through waves. In stanza 3, the passion heightened but stanza 4 described how the passion finally wanes gradually like a ship moving on a calm sea.

The poetic devices are simile in line 1 "Music doth uplift me like a sea". Alliteration in line 2 "my planet pale". Imagery (of sight) in line 3 "through dark fogs and heaven’s infinity". Personification in line 5 "With breast advanced, drinking the winds that flee". Metonymy in line 11 "Cradled by gentle winds" which means to be rocked like a baby.

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Deep Analysis Of Preludes By T. S. Eliot

According to the English Dictionary from wiktionary.org, "Prelude is an introductory or preliminary performance or event; a preface." In that wise, the title of the poem suggests the poet’s motivation towards creating the popular poem "Preludes".

No wonder the poet concluded the poem metaphorically by comparing the rotational flow of each day to the consistently laborious ancient women: "The worlds revolve like ancient women/ Gathering fuel in vacant lots". Still on the title of the poem, the poet pluralised the title to show how continuous and consistent the events of days are.

Preludes by T. S. Eliot is a poem that reflects on the monotonously programmed phases of earthly day-by-day; using the dusk to dawn issues (as the dusk introduces humans to the end of a day so does the dawn introduces humans to the beginning of a new day then in such manner the earthly wheel of time moves on). The poem is divided into four (4) parts: part 1 about dusk for instance line 1-4 "The winter evening settles down/ With smell of steaks in passageways/ Six o’clock/ The burnt-out ends of smoky days". Part 2 about dawn for instance line 14-16 "The morning comes to consciousness/ Of faint stale smells of beer/ From the sawdust-trampled street". Part 3 about nighttime for instance line 24-26 "You tossed a blanket from the bed/ You lay upon your back, and waited/ You dozed, and watched the night revealing". Part for 4 about daytime for instance the rest of the lines "His soul stretched tight across the skies/ That fade behind a city block/ Or trampled by insistent feet/ At four and five and six o’clock/ And short square fingers stuffing pipes/ And evening newspapers, and eyes/ Assured of certain certainties/ The conscience of a blackened street/ Impatient to assume the world/ I am moved by fancies that are curled/ Around these images, and cling/ The notion of some infinitely gentle/ Infinitely suffering thing/ Wipe your hand across your mouth, and laugh/ The worlds revolve like ancient women/ Gathering fuel in vacant lots ".

Judging from the division of the poem, the part one is an introduction to part three while part two is an introduction to part four; even the description in part three is a mere introduction to nighttime.

The poem is a free verse with a total of fifty three lines. Its major setting is urban and winter season. Each part has its own significance and the parts_ in one way or the other, relates with other parts of the poem.
Imagery is very paramount in the poem with the use of words like "smell of steaks in passageways" "broken blinds and chimney-pots" "Sitting along the bed’s edge". We can see simile in line fifty two and "broken blinds" is an example of alliteration in the poem. "its muddy feet that press" is a personification then hyperbole "a thousand furnished rooms" then metonymy in fifty two where earth is referred to as worlds while "insistent feet" is a synecdoche.

"Or clasped the yellow soles of feet/ In the palms of both soiled hands." The lines in quote paints an image of someone sitting in a meditative position on a bed.

"With the other masquerades" means with other faces that are clearly seen due to blur vision of the winter dawn.

The themes that "Preludes" by T. S. Eliot has are (i) the continuous movement of time (ii) the common nature of dusk, dawn, day, night; and their effects on humans (iii) the relentless impacts of nature on earth (iv) similarity in time; the dusk and dawn are described alike both in texture and in timing "six o’clock" (v) attributes of the winter season.

T. S. Eliot was a British poet though born in America by American citizens. He lived from 26-09-1888 to 04-01-1965 his full name is Thomas Stearns Eliot OM

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Rainy Season Love Song by Acquah Laluah

Out of the tense awed darkness my Frangipani comes
While the blades of Heaven flash round her and the roll of thunder drums
My young heart leaps and dances with exquisite joy and pain
As storm within and storm without I meet my love in the rain

The rain is in love with you darling: ’tis kissing you everywhere
Rain pattering o’er your small brown feet rain in your curly hair
Rain in the vale that your twin breasts make as in delicate mounds they rise
I hope there is rain in your heart Frangipani as rain half fills your eyes

Into my arms she cometh and the lightning of my desire
Flashes and leaps about her more subtle than Heaven’s fire.
"The lightning’s in love with you darling it is loving you so much
That its electricity pulses in you wherever I may touch.

When I kiss your lips and your eyes and your hands like twin flowers apart
I know there is lightning Frangipani deep in the depths of your heart."
Thunder rumbles about us and I feel its triumphant note
As your warm arms steal about me and I kiss your dusky throat.

"The thunder’s in love with you darling it hides its power in your breast
And I feel it stealing o’er me as I lie in your arms at rest
I sometimes wonder beloved when I drink from life’s proffered bowl
Whether there’s thunder hidden in the innermost parts of your soul."

Out of my arms she stealeth and I am left with the night
Void of all sounds save peace the first faint glimmer of light.
Into the quiet hushed stillness my Frangipani goes
Is there peace within like the peace without? Only the darkness knows.
©copyright:- Acquah Laluah (Gladys Casely-Hayford)

Analyzed Somewhere I Have Never Travelled Gladly Beyond By E. E. Cummings

E. E. Cummings is an American poet painter, essayist, author, and a playwright. Judging by the dominance of the theme of love in most of his poetry crafts, Cummings should be called the Shakespeare among his poetry colleagues.

The poem "Somewhere I Have Never Traveled Gladly Beyond" tells of the immense power of love with the alluring image of "eyes" and "rose" and "rain" and "flower". Such theme is largely covered in this poem of twenty lines divided into five stanzas of four lines per stanza.

The first stanza says of the attraction caused by seductive eyes and gesture which the poet has never before witnessed.

According to the second stanza, the feelings the poet tried to hide due to fear and shyness are forced open the same way a Spring time opens her first rose so (touching skilfully,mysteriously).

In stanza three, the attraction has the ability to overpower the poet like a flower covered by rose.

The poet generalized his feeling in stanza four, saying that what he felt will equally be felt by anyone considering the skin color of his lover:
"nothing which we are to perceive in this world equals
the power of your intense fragility: whose texture
compels me with the color of its countries,
rendering death and forever with each breathing"

One among the very heavy lines of the poem is line nineteen "the voice of your eyes is deeper than roses". The line is a conclusive assertion to the poet’s feeling; the subject’s eyes is compared a living thing with a mouth to create voice and the voice created is in depth compared to rose flower. In short, the line contains imagery, personification and metaphor.

As much as the theme of love cannot be without mentioned, the theme of nature added an impact in representing the feelings of the poet; the Spring, the flower, the rose, the rain, the petal, the snow, etc.

There are imagery, metaphor, personification, enjambment, repetition, etc. One important thing to note in this poem titled "Somewhere I Have Never Travelled Gladly Beyond" by E. E. Cummings is the poet’s feeling of attraction for an abstraction. The poet, with the use of ordinary expressions plus poetic recipes or devices, spoke of his undeniable attraction for an entity generally believed to be a feminine but the totality of the poem refused to clearly state a gender. The word beautifully in "I and my life will shut very beautifully" refers not to a lady but the poet’s life. Even the use of "her" in line eight "her first rose" was referred to a season (Spring)

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Character And Significance Of Mary Dalton In Native Son By Richard Wright

The problem of Bigger Thomas was simply of dissatisfaction until he came into proximity with Mary Dalton which broaden his criminal trait by turning him into a murderer.

The impact of Mary Dalton in the novel cannot be overemphasized knowing that Native Son by Richard Wright is a story that narrates relationship differences in terms of race, status, and ideology; therefore the murder of Mary Dalton via suffocation made the storyline more intense and interesting.

"I’ve been to England, France, and Mexico, but I don’t know how people live ten blocks from me" said Mary in page 101. Her statement was a prove of huge class differences in the novel.

In an environment where the white is superior to the black and any complain of black violating the white is a very huge offense. In such environment Bigger was made the chauffeur of Mary Dalton who at a point got drunk. In an attempt to help her to her bed without anybody knowing he touched her but Mrs. Dalton came into the scene and things got ugly.

Mary Dalton, a white is Jan’s lover; they were both communists who doesn’t believe in the division between the rich and the poor. One can also consider Mary to be a fun lover; in spite of restrictions, she pretended going to the university the night Bigger drove her:
‘"I’m not going to the University", she said at last. "But you can forget that. I want you to drive me to the Loop. But if anyone should ask you, then I went to the University, see, Bigger?"’
Mary Dalton related with her father’s employee regardless of boundary and such indirectly led to her death and the resulting development of the protagonist’s character.

"Richard Wright was born near Natchez Mississippi, in 1908. As a child he lived in Memphis, Tennessee, then in an orphanage, and with various relatives. He left home at fifteen and returned to Memphis for two years to work before headed to Chicago."

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

The Panic Of Growing Older By Lenrie Peters

The Panic of Growing Older is a poem that can be categorized under growth and living. Its context is partly scientific and mainly biological since biology is the study of all life or living matters.

This poem is a creative effort of Lenrie Peters (1932 – 2009), a multi talented Gambian citizen who was widely known to be an author, a singer, a broadcaster, and to crown it all; a medical doctor.

The poem tabled the human sequences of aging and its accompanied fear. An adult in his twenties_ uses his one sided view of life, to occupy himself with sweet simple fantasized gigantic expectations until he clocks thirty and then reality begins to set in. All the simple expectations and hopes seem hard to attain while aging approach quicker than blinks.

With the sincere tone of the poem, a sober mood of realization is created through the 32 lines of the poem; in which the 8 stanzas are quatrains mostly linked by enjambments.

Stanzaic summary:-
Stanza 1 means that the fear of aging increases by year. Stanza 2 implies that one will be filled with sweet hope at twenty. Stanza 3 says the expectations began to wane. Stanza 4 adds more implication of growing older where one has long hours Continue reading The Panic Of Growing Older By Lenrie Peters

Analysis Of In The Navel Of The Soul By Kobena Acquah

Ideological differences can be seen in the poem titled: In The Navel Of The Soul by Kobena Acquah as the voice of the poem favours the traditional way in comparison with the scientific way. This is also another poem with a cultural clash; almost similar to poems like The Anvil And The Hammer by Kofi Awoonor, Piano And Drums by Gabriel Okara, Young Africa’s Plea by Dennis Osadebay, etc. The issue of pregnancy detection is the discussion in the poem where pregnancy is determined through the local African way while western scientific way says opposite leading to the argument of proficiency.

Kobena Eyi Acquah is a Ghanaian poet born in the year 1952. He is also a legal practitioner educated at the University of Ghana and the Ghana Law School. Now it is no surprise that Kobena created a poem with a debatable opinion or view.

A quick summary of the eight stanzas of the poem "In The Navel Of The Soul" go thus:-

Stanza one says that it is possible for a traditional birth-giver to detect pregnancy by a mere touch on the tommy.

The stanza two say that the medical practitioner’s urine test, accompanied with other biological signs and observation say negative.

Then the third stanza says but the traditional birth-giver can feel a baby in the same tommy that urine test claims negative.

Stanza four, imagine if we can see for ourselves, we would have thought ourselves dreaming, with all the lies they made with your name.

Stanza five, even now that their pose for brilliance and over caring attitude are heightened, we are very sure.

The stanza six is as simple as "They say we have gone all out of our mind"

Then stanza seven and eight say they’re now claiming that we are in sane; God, if insanity will free us from their deceits, let it be because we can also feel a moving baby in this womb.

The use of pronoun "they" and "their" by the poet is a way to avoid emphasis. To avoid emphasising the phrase "The experts" which refers to the medical practitioners. There are more imageries to drive the message of the poet deep into the heart of the readers.

Let’s expatiate on the following lines "a spirit refusing to be drowned/ in its own waters/ before birth."
The poet used the phrase "a spirit" to mean an unborn baby in the womb of the mother. While "in its own waters" symbolizes the womb and the movement of the baby in the womb which is felt by the mother is painted by the poet as "refusing to be drowned".

Contrast As A Poetic Device:-
To start with, the poem portrays a contrasting believe between the traditional medicine and the modern medicine. Not only that, there are some glaring contrasts in the voice of the poet in reference to lines such as "we are not sure —/ No. We are sure" "the things that are done/ in Your name —/ I mean, the things that are undone/ behind
the flimsy facade of Your name".

The Theme Of Conflict of Culture:-
The poem looks at the means of determining pregnancy from two different practices (the traditional medical practice and the modern medical practice) where the traditional is symbolized as "the midwives of the spirit" while the modern is symbolized as "The experts". The conflicting idea begins when the traditionalists determine pregnancy by just a touch on the belly but the modernists (so called experts) undergoes laboratory testing or scientific experiments to determine the presence of pregnancy.

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Harvest Of Corruption By Frank Ogbeche (2 Themes)

This post is to discuss two of the most vital themes in Harvest Of Corruption by Frank Ogodo Ogbeche. This is a drama set in Jacassa to show how greed leads to the abuse of privileges and power. There are two factions; the evildoers versus the evil-fighters.

Getting to the themes, we have:
(1) Corrupt Practices and the end results:-
In the drama, Chief Haladu Ade-Amaka took the privilege of being the Minister for External Relations as a reason to get greedy. With false promises and illicit enticements, the chief gathered people to be his "pawns"; the likes of Aloho, Ochuole, Madam Hoha, Justice Odili, the Police Commissioner, etc.
By the time the drama will draw to close, every corrupt entities have got their own shares of rewards. Chief Haladu Ade-Amaka was brought to book with the faithful assistant of ACP Yakubu, Prosecution Counsel and the rightful court of law. Chief Ade-Amaka was sentenced to twenty-five years in jail confinement with hard labour. Aloho lost her life and unwanted pregnancy. Akpara Hotel was closed and Madam Hoha was given ten years in imprisonment the same as Ochuole, etc.

(2) Morality exults in all situations:-
A moral heart never gives in to greed as seen in the drama, while Aloho was highly carried away by all that Ochuole (their ex-schoolmate) had acquired, it didn’t move Ogeyi at all.
Ogeyi wasn’t the only one unsatisfied with the corrupt acts going on in Jacassa, the drama showed Inspector Inaku, ACP Yakubu, even Showboy (the madman) as other characters against the injustices happening. It Continue reading Harvest Of Corruption By Frank Ogbeche (2 Themes)

Analysis Of Tempest By Glynn Burridge

This poem by Glynn Burridge is of a sailing experience (a very stormy sailing experience). Though short (8 lines) but descriptive with the byproduct of careful imageries. The poem persona shows the relationship between sky and sea; meaning a cloudy sky can cause a stormy sea. The ship contending the storm was described as old made with woods from a long forgotten forest. The sky was described as dark and cloudy with a hovering bird called a phantom. The sea was described to be stormy, wicked and angry almost drowning the ship.

In the poem, one see the ship, the ocean, the sky, the hovering bird; all with the used image of sight and sound ("old sailing beauty" in line 1, "Yaws dizzily in her century-old duel with a drunken sea" in line 2, "wind-tormented waves and a leaden sky", "in pained falsetto", "riotous rendez-vous", etc.

The poem speaker not only view the sea as animate; metaphorically, Continue reading Analysis Of Tempest By Glynn Burridge

Song Of Sorrow 1 And 2 By Kofi Awoonor (Imagery)

Born on March 13, 1935, Kofi Awoonor was a Ghanaian poet and author well-known for combining the poetic traditions of his native Ewe with contemporary and religious symbolism to create a unique form of writing. He died after sustaining injuries during the attack by Somali militant group, al-Shabaab at Westgate shopping mall in Nairobi, Kenya on September 21, 2013.

“Song of Sorrow 1 and 2 is a pessimistic poem. It is a dirge in which the living blame the ancestors for the hardship and difficulties that their departure has left behind. Much of this meaning is conveyed through several important images used in the poem.

The desolation and helplessness that has occurred is presented right at the beginning of the Song of Sorrow 1 in the form of “chameleon faeces”. The image is appropriate as it conjures up the picture of something that cannot be wiped away or made clean. It is this catastrophe that is emphasized by the use of this image.

A series of other images closely associated with desolation, destruction and even death, is used in successive parts Continue reading Song Of Sorrow 1 And 2 By Kofi Awoonor (Imagery)

Mad Girl’s Love Song By Sylvia Plath

The speaker is a lover with a very deep feeling of love for someone (which could be male or female) the poem did not specify.

In a nut shell, Sylvia Plath wrote this poem in form of villanelle. When a poem has 6 stanzas (where the first 5 stanzas are 3 lines each and the last stanza is 4 lines) of which line 1 is repeated in line 6, 12, 18 and line 3 is repeated in line 9, 15, 19; such a poem is referred to as a villanelle.

To summarize the poem, "It seems I made you up in my brain because you left me too soon when your love inside of me was still very fresh and strong; leaving me with the hope that you shall soon come back to me until now I became old and could no longer recollect your name.

Whenever I remember how memorable our encounter used to be_ your undeniable insane way of kissing; I always feel as if you’re just a sweet fiction to me"

It is of little necessity to state the the theme of this poem when it’s generally known that villanelles are French form of poetry that discuss the subject of love.

Besides the use of repetition of lines such as "I shut my eyes and all the world drops dead" and "I think I made you up inside my head", the are other beauty devices created by Sylvia Plath in "Mad Girl’s Love Song".
The expression "all the world drops dead" has an alliteration, a hyperbole, and also seems like a metonymy and more.
"my lids" is a synecdoche while the "The stars go waltzing out in blue and red" is a personification.
"God" "hell" "seraphim" "Satan" are all instance of religious allusion in the poem.

On the October 27th in the year 1932, one of those destined to represent the female gender in the creative craft of literature was born and innocently christened Sylvia Plath; not knowing such name will stand the test of time. This reminds me of a quote from the Ifa divinity which says "None of us at the beach can differentiate the footprint of royals from paupers; no one can ever predict the future of a person immediately at birth".

According to the article at poet.org, Sylvia Plath had been eying fame before she even became a teen. Reading voraciously, writing creatively, aiming to be a published public figure before she entered her teen-hood. No wonder some people refer to Chimamanda Adichie as the Sylvia Plath of Nigeria.

But upon all her strives and attempts, the lifetime of Sylvia exemplified "qui cera cera". "On February 11, 1963_ during one of the worst English winters on record, Plath wrote a note to her downstairs neighbor instructing him to call the doctor, then she committed suicide using her gas oven".

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

5 Poems Of Gabriel Eziorobo

Below are few poems of Gabriel Eziorobo:-

#1 A CLUE
I really don’t know
a secret in you,
because i was a baby
in his mother womb,
for nine months
without seeing the sun,
pondering day and night
thinking of what to do,
luckily for me
i fell asleep
in a secret town
surrounded with art
full of branches
with a secret in it
i find myself
a clue in it,
with the four-letters
everything is open.

#2 LIME-LIGHT
Every time i touches the light
i see you in the lime-light of my heart,
so deep in my heart
deeper than the ocean.

Every time i wanna say hi to you,
your eyes will be sleeping
in the night
so i felt,i was a pest to you
not to allow your eyes
to sleep well in the night
so i walk away
to the mountain
to fast and pray
for you to see the lime-light
in my heart,
so deep in my heart
deeper than the ocean.

#3 LIKE A RIVER
I was angry
in and out of me,
flowing like a river
in the river-side,
where it started
like a tumour
to my heart,
my heart was full of anger,
pumping in and out of me
like a river
in the river-side,
where i find her
the guilding angel
of my heart,
she is the one
or maybe she is
the healer
of my sickness,
i was wandering
like a river
in the river-side,
i find happiness with her.

#4 THE NIGHT
The night is dark
so the beauty
of the earth
is down.

The night is scary
and those who wake-up
are the survivals.

The night is the spirit-battle
so the night ask;
how was your-night?
How many people are alive?
How many people are dead?

#5 WONDER WONDER
My heart ceases
to function
so my brain
stops to think
so i wonder wonder,
where will i be?

The beauty,
of the earth
is fading
so the birds sing ah!ah!ah!
So i wonder wonder,
what does the song mean?

The drummers drum
so the dancers dance
to the rhythm of the drum
so i wonder wonder,
what is the rhythm of the drum?

Gabriel Eziorobo is a passionate poet, short story writer, and a fictional playwright. A contemporary Nigerian literature talent. Search him on Facebook to be his fan.

Analysis of Kwashiorkor By Moses Opara

Opara introduced the readers to the poem by sharing his encounter with a beautiful child suffering from kwashiorkor down a shallow street:
"I saw a beautiful child
Down a shallow street"

The poet continues by telling the readers about the child’s swollen belly, bow legs, starved head and smiles which depicted that the child wore a kwashiorkor look. All these portrayed by the poet are signs of malnutrition that leads to kwashiorkor in children:
"With swollen belly, bow legs and starved head
His smiles wore a kwashiorkor look"

The poets feels pity for the child and his/her condition of malnutrition and hunger.
The child’s voice is fainting every day and his heart no longer wants to move on. He is fighting to stay alive and also fighting the fears in his heart.

The child is malnourished as a result of poverty and drought:
"With fainting voice, he sighed in his heart
He was playing with the dust of despair
Fighting the crawling shadows of fear,
A poor child starved by malnutrition
The seal of poverty engaged his thought"

In the last 5 lines, the poets tell us that tears stole the joy of the child who is plagued and bounded by death. He is certain that one day death will come. His plea is for someone to hold his hands and encourage, strengthen and give him hope.
"He walked in unclean diapers of tears
Plagued by unclear hymns
Sticker in death’s bond
He wore a plea in his heart,
A plea for a heart to hold his heart."

Moses Chibueze Opara aka Mr. Humility
(A temporary Nigerian poet and poetry analyst)

The Analysis Of Shakespeare By Matthew Arnold

Matthew Arnold uses the medium of his poem titled: "Shakespeare" to eulogize William Shakespeare by telling the readers about Shakespeare’s life and time. The poet opens with,
"Others abide our question. Thou art free
We ask and ask, thou smiles and act still,
Out-topping knowledge for the loftiest art"
He tells us about the knowledge of Shakespeare, and how his works reflects his identity. Others can’t skip their questions but he is free.

In line 4, the poet tells us that Shakespeare is like a king, and he is also steadfast and strong in his art. His dwelling place is in the heaven of heavens where he finds peace.
"Making the heaven if heavens his dwelling place
Spares but the cloudy border of his base,
To the foil searching of immortality"

The poet in eulogizing Shakespeare, said that the stars and sunbeam know him. He did not rise to prominence through school, he self-schooled, self-scanned, self-honoured and self-secured himself. He didn’t allow circumstances to bring him down, rather he used every opportunity to be at his best in his art no matter what. He rose above lack of self-esteem and insecurity.
"And thou who didst the stars and sunbeam know
Self-schooled, self-scanned, self-honoured, self-secure."

In the last three lines, Arnold tries to show us the few odds Shakespeare passed through as to rise to prominence in his art. He endured pains, grief and in time of weakness he never gave up on himself. All his self-denial paid off and he became victorious after all.
The poet portrays the life of Shakespeare to us, and his never giving up spirit, confidence, hard work and diligence that made him what he became, and how everything worked out for his good.
"All pains the immortal spirit must endure
All weakness that impairs, all griefs that bow
Find the sole voice in that victorious bow"

Moses Chibueze Opara aka Mr. Humility
(a contemporary Nigerian poet and poetry analyst)

Piano And Drums By Gabriel Okara

The Nigerian poet, Gabriel Okara who wrote the popular poem “Piano and Drums” hailed from Bayelsa state. He was born in the 1921. He was once a civil servant among many other career parts.

“Piano and Drums” as poem is symbolism of the poet’s dilemma in a position of cultural clash. The idea of cultural clash is the motivating or central message the poem passes to the readers.

The “Piano” which symbolised the poet’s westernised present lifestyle was compared with the “Drums” which symbolised the past village background of the poet; the comparison of the poet’s past with present way of living is referred to as the class of culture (since culture is defined as the lifestyle of a Continue reading Piano And Drums By Gabriel Okara

Discord In Childhood by D. H. Lawrence (Analyzed)

The poem opens with the poet telling us about an ash-tree outside a house with terrible whips. The poem is all about the evil of anger, and how destructive it can be. The wind was tamed by the whips from the tree as a ship showing the painful days of childhood.
"Outside the house an ash-tree hung its terrible whips
And at night when the wind arose, the lash of the tree shrieked and slashed the wind, as a ship’s
Weird rigging in a storm shrieks hideously"

In line 5, the poet tells us about two voices within the house disturbing the peace of the night. In anger, the voices arise rendering causes upon each other in disagreement over something. The voices begin to fight, one of the voices maybe the man bruised and drowned the woman in a silence of blood.
"Within the house two voices arose in anger, a slender lash
Whistling delirious rage, and dreadful sound
Of a thick lash booming and bruising,
Until it drowned the other voice in a silence of blood
Neath
The noise of the ash"

In the poem, the poet tries to tell us about what anger can cause in the family. The children suffer a lot when their parents are not in good terms as a result of anger. Disagreement at home between the husband and wife can lead to demoralization, lack of love, break up and death. Growing up in a home filled with anger and hate can destroy the self-esteem and life of the children. Anger can destroy the self- esteem of a child and it must dealt with for a home to stand.

Moses Chibueze Opara aka Mr. Humility
(a contemporary Nigerian poet and poetry analyst)

Analysis Of Hide And Seek By Vernon Scannell

TITLE:- Hide And Seek
AUTHOR:- Vernon Scannell
REGION:- Non-African
GENRE:- Poetry
SETTING:- The garden
CATEGORY:- Children/ Family
THEME:- Playing/ Recreation
FIGURATIVE:- Personification
LINES:- Twenty Seven
DICTION:- Simple
VERSIFICATION:- Single
END RHYME SCHEME:- Couplet
MOOD:- Playful
TONE:- Instructional
SALIENT:- "But where are they who sought you"
INTRO:- Call out. Call loud: ‘I’m ready! Come and find me!’

Narrate The Poem In Prose Form:-
Call out. Call loud: ‘I’m ready! Come and find me!’ because you’re carefully hiding in one of the smelly sacks in the dark toolshed; the sacks seriously smell like the seaside but you can’t risk coming out as not to be caught by those in search.
The ground is wet but you can hear them searching the nearby bush close to the swing. Even if situation calls for sneezing; you mustn’t or breath loud or move your feet but remain numb in your state of darkness.
You can still hear their footsteps again; someone stumbles, mutters, their words and laughter scuttle but they are heard no more yet you can’t risk coming out since they will still check around again
Okay. You’ve been in this dark hiding for quite awhile now: even your legs are now stiff, the cold bites through your coat, it’s time to claim you’re the winner.
You’re out of the dark toolshed only to discover it is already nighttime (darkness in the whole of the garden) and those searching had long gone home.

About The Poem:-
The poem is about children playing the game of hide-and-seek_ even the title of the poem made it known. The poem speaker represented the thought in the heart of the kid in hiding, the thoughts instructing the kid in hiding on how to properly hide in among the sacks in the toolshed so as to win the game of hide-as-seek. Unfortunately, the kid hid himself/ herself too long that those they played together had all gone. The darkness hiding place also prevented him/her from being aware of the nighttime.

Though the poem might portray a very deeper message but the sweet surface message has blindfolded it. For instance, the ambitious "Hide in your blindness" which might mean to stay in the dark whereas the deeper meaning might be to remain in ignorance. Another ambiguity is "Yes, here you are. But where are they who sought you?" which means that those searching for you are already gone but on the deeper side of meaning, it could suggest that in some certain dark recession in one’s life those that used to seek you will be there no more.

STRUCTURE:-
This 28 line poem is not multi-stanza. It has a simple rhythm with a couplet kind of rhyme. The first 25 lines is about hiding and seeking but the readers later found that the person in hiding had hidden to long and didn’t realize the game had long ended.

The hider came to realisation that he/she had stayed long in hiding according to line 28, "It seems a long time since they went away" then the last three lines of the poem brought the misconception to light.

THEMES:-
1) Recreational children game:- Hide-and-Seek is a form of children play and the poem relay the activity including how a hider can properly hide during the game. Line 1 introduces the readers to the way the game normally begins and many lines in the poem shows perfect way of hiding "You’ve never heard them sound so hushed before/ Don’t breathe. Don’t move. Stay dumb. Hide in your blindness" (line 10-11)

2) Childhood reminiscence:- Hide and Seek by Vernon Scannell seems a form of recall to the poet or poem persona’s childhood experience.

3) Winning as a great motivating factor:- The poem and the action of the person in hiding revealed how strong the motive behind winning. The hiding had to do it right in order to win, he/she had to sacrifice light for darkness, sound for dumbness, movement for stillness, etc.

4) Misconception:- The person in hiding, misconstrued the darkness in the sack to the general darkness of the day and also misinterpreted the time spent in the sack to the general time of the day (The way Odysseus misinterpreted the time spent with Venus).

LITERARY TERMS:-
The beauty of the poem is not limited to its message, other things contributed. The simile, the personification, the alliteration, the repetition; all are part of the juice in the poem.
The poem opens with repetition "Call out. Call loud" then alliteration surfaced in the next line "sacks in the toolshed smell like seaside". "salty dark" is an imagery in line 3 telling of how annoying the darkness was. A couplet in line 4-5 "But be careful that your feet aren’t sticking out/ Wiser not risk another shout". Instances of personification are as follow: "the cold bites through your coat" "The dark damp smell of sand moves in your throat" "The darkening garden watches" "The bushes hold their breath".

The setting of the poem show the garden, the greenhouse, the toolshed, the sack. The mood is playful and the tone is instructive.
The poet, Vernon Scannell 1922-2007 was a British author with topics of war to his credit.

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Analyzed Ulysses By Alfred Lord Tennyson

This dramatic monologue is a masterpiece. At naijapoets.com, we have analyzed poems that possessed monologue before and our reference goes to Analysis of The Pulley by George Herbert. Just for clarity sake, a poem where all the events are narrated by the poem speaker and the words of other characters are placed in quotation marks; such poem is said to possess a dramatic monologue.

Ulysses by Lord Alfred Tennyson (1809 – 1892) alluded to the Homer’s epic Odyssey to prove that the poem is adventure driven. Perhaps, one can also consider the poem a parody that aimed to challenge old age and its accompanied weariness and boredom.

"I cannot rest from travel: I will drink
Life to the lees: All times I have enjoy’d
Greatly, have suffer’d greatly, both with those
That loved me, and alone, on shore, and when
Thro’ scudding drifts the rainy Hyades
Vext the dim sea: I am become a name;"

From the excerpt above, Tennyson made his readers to see where his concern is based. Claiming that truly he might be old but not accustomed to staying at home and ruling in a boring four walls of a palace
The poem speaker still wants to practice his passion even in his old age; wants to be on battlegrounds, be on the foamy seas, etc.

Structurally, the poem is not just a dramatic monologue. It is written in an iambic pentameter in form of a blank verse (void of notable end rhyme pattern). The poem was broken into stanzas but unequal stanzas.

In line 1-6 the king is presented as an adventurous character with deep quest for travel. In line 16-17 shows that the more travel the more exposure and experience. It is seen that the poem speaker placed more value on outdoor pleasure than the indoor family pleasure (being tired of the warm hearth and old wife).

In the poem one can see the following themes:
(1) comparison between pleasure and family life
(2) old age and its limitations
(3) beauty in adventurous life
(4) leader in comparison to heroism
(5) death as the barrier to human life

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

In Time Of Silver Rain by Langston Hughes (10 Facts)

Naijapoets.com shows some ten facts about the poem title: "In Time Of Silver Rain" by Langston Hughes:-

(1) "In Time Of Silver Rain" is a non-african poem
(2) The poem is written by Langston Hughes
(3) The poem is lacking in it stanza craft.
(4) "In Time Of Silver Rain" has a four stanza division
(5) "In Time Of Silver Rain" has more of repetition and personification as far as poetic devices are concerned
(6) Fertility, Mortality, Season are few of the themes in the poem.
(7) It is a good example of nature poem
(8) The poem’s language is 21st century in nature
(9) It is a free verse.
(10) The setting is biological.

The poem title: "In Time Of Silver Rain" by Langston Hughes is written to show how life is dependent on season (spring or rainy season). Just like the risen dead bones in the Bible story, all the dead or unborn plants and animals regarded life in spring time according to the context of the poem.

Langston Hughes was an African- American poet and activist loved not alone by his fellow African-American, but by all lovers of good poetry. Langston Hughes who was born in Missouri, lived 65 years on earth between 1st of February, 1902 and 22nd of May, 1967. He was also known for his poem "Let America Be America Again" and "The Negro Speaks Of Rivers".

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Analyze Poem Of Alienation By Antonio Jacinto

This poem of Antonio Jacinto is a deep heart poured out. In a keen view to analyze, The title "Poem Of Alienation" and the opening line "This is not yet my poem/ the poem of my soul and of my blood no" try to separate the poet from the message passed via this poem. Jacinto believed that a professional poet must have a certain category which his poem must base, but in his own case, he still lacked knowledge and power to write his poem because his poem still wanders aimlessly in the bush or in the city in the voice of the wind in the surge of the sea in the Aspect of Being.

Jacinto is a poet from Angola, a country with a colonial story of White versus Black. He died on the 23th of June, in the year 1991. In the words of the poet: child abuse, child labour, lustiness, poverty, racism, injustice; are evident.

The versification and diction are lowered to laymen comprehension even with the prevalent use of imageries all through the seventeen stanzas of the poem.

There are instances of personification plus imageries in some stanzas (e.g: my poem wanders aimlessly/ in the bush or in the city) while others are metaphor plus imageries in others (e.g: My poem is the prostitute/ in the township at the broken door of her hut).

With the beauty of quoted words, emphasis, and vernacular in the drama. The quoted stanza below has some non-English words which are only know to the poet and his people:
"My poem loads sacks in the port fills holds
empties holds
and finds strength in singing
‘tué tué tué trr
arrimbium puim puim’"

The stanza 3-5 exemplified the act of child labor through hawking_ which happened to be one of the poet’s motivation. Stanza 8 shows the act of child abuse by saying "My poem is suffering/ of the laundress’s daughter/ shyly/ in the closed room/ of a worthless boss idling/
to build up an appetite for the/violation."

With the way the poem concludes, one may not hesitate to say that "Poem of Alienation" by Antonio Jacinto, is a poem aimed at reminding the readers of the past era of apartheid or colonization:
"But my poem is not fatalist
my poem is a poem that already wants
and already know
my poem is I-white
mounted on me-black
riding through life."

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Analysis Of Horns By Kwame Dawes

Horns by the poet Kwame Dawes also paints another African challenge which differs in subject from the rampant issue of colonization, western encroachment, deep rooted corruption, unavailability of social infrastructures, civil and political wars, trafficking and abuses, droughts, jungle justices, gender inequality, just to mention few.

The title Horns symbolizes Mosquitoes. Billions are spent every year in African countries to curb the rage of mosquitoes and their malarias through immunization, sensitization, vaccination, importations of antimalarial weapons, and more; yet mosquitoes cease to become a thing of the past. The pain of mosquitoes rampage shimmered Dawes into composing this image-filled poem. With many imageries, the suspense within the poem cannot be denied.

In this poem titled "Horns", Kwame Dawes did not only write about the confident mosquitoes roaming human environments, he further explained their time of parade which was "somewhere in the white space/ between sight and sightlessness/ is twilight, and in that place/ that gap, the stop-time, the horn-/ headed creatures appear/ spinning, dancing, strolling/ through the crowd; and in the/ fever of revelation, you will".
"Between sight and sightlessness" means in the dusk when darkness begins to dominate the earth and at that time, the creatures with horns (the mosquitoes) come dancing and spinning towards their biting fiesta.

The ones with horns are not easily seen. Their troubles are undeniable; even the poet was a victim according to his words:
"My head throbs under

the mosquito mesh, the drums
do not stop through the night,
the one with horns feeds

me sour porridge and nuts
and sways, Welcome, welcome"

Structurally, the division of the 32 lines are into eleven stanzas of 3 lines per stanza except the last stanza which has two lines. Another thing to note in the structure of the poem is the use of run-on-lines where a stanza runs into another (the phrase "living room" runs from stanza one into stanza two). "at a rate/ faster than the blink of an eye" is an instance of comparison in the poem.

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Analysis Of Daffodils No More By Gorden J. L. Ramel

"Daffodils No More" is about unhappiness of a poet named, Gorden J. L. Ramel, regarding the negative effect of industrialization. The poet compared history with present but found no similarity as a result of industrialization’s encroachment (industrial takeover). "Look around you for a second then cast the eyes of your heart back to the years gone, you’ll realize how vast things have changed; Life keeps rotating like a wind and vast changes keep sweeping in."

Gorden Ramel must truly be a fan of William Wordsworth. The poem "Daffodils" by William Wordsworth motivated his concern for deterioration of natural things in this era.
"…for I had looked for daffodils/ and found but few in England’s hills" (lines 5-6)

In stanza 2 of the poem, he made us realise that other beauties of nature were also missing alongside daffodils; things like butterflies, birds and the rest which were said to have been replaced by artificial things like "barbed-wire fence/ protecting repetitious fields" as to earn higher farm yield.

At the final stanza quoted below, Gorden J. L. Ramel talked about destructive human race are:
"A poet could not help but sigh
on seeing how the world is changed
and ask himself, or God on high,
why humankind is so deranged
it can destroy, for such poor ends,
the world on which its life depends."

"Daffodils No More" by Gorden J.L.Ramel is a poem of four stanzas with six lines per stanza. Though void of specific metric count, its end rhyme scheme seems ABABCC DEDEFF. This poem as a parody place it side-by-side with Kim Boey Chen’s parody to William Wordsworth as well.

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Analysis Of Night Song By David Holbrook

The refrain justifies the title "Night Song". One of the traits of a song is refrain and the first and the last stanza of the poem are refrains. The poem "Night Song" by David Holbrook has five stanzas of four lines per stanza with planned rhyming scheme.

According to the context of the poem, when night comes and darkness dominates the atmosphere, few of the common happenings are people going to sleep, silence becoming so relevant (as few sounds that will be heard are sounds of "cricket and jar", "children snore", "the smell of clover", and so on)
At night, the weather becomes cold, owls become more active and same as the beetles.

Besides the aforementioned refrain, alliteration and personification are evident in the poem. Many inanimate are personified: Night was personified in line 4 "Night climbs the stairway". Poppy and rose are personified in line 9 "Poppy and rose swim in the warm remainder". Tree was personified in line 13-14 "Bare to the teeming black the heady tree/ Sighs in its sleep and stirs". Water was personified in line 16 "The water chuckles". Few instance of alliterations are "cups and clear" in line 1, "snore, the smell" in line 7, "cold comes" in line 11, "Sighs in its sleep and stirs" in line 14, "owl-wing Whirrs" in line 15, "beetle burrs" in line 16.

The impact of the nighttime is the central theme of the poem "Night Song" by David Holbrook. Though the poem has been categorised under family living and lifestyle, it employed some elements of nature such as daytime, nighttime, poppy and rose, tree, cold, owl-wing, beetle, to name just few.

According to wikipedia, David Holbrook attended City of Norwich School in Norwich where he was born in 1923. He later grew to become a well known English author and poet. David Holbrook died on the 11th of August in the year 2011.

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Summary Of Discord In Childhood By D. H. Lawrence

Notable for his novel "Women In Love" and many of his poetry, David Herbert Lawrence was an English poet and author born on the 11th of September 1885.

With a childhood innocence, D. H. Lawrence compared two similar occurrences at nighttime; at first, the poet described a windy night where "the wind rose, the lash of the tree/ Shrieked and slashed the wind, as a ship’s" which was more like disagreement or rage. Afterwards compared the moaning and groaning of lovemaking within the house to that of windy sounds outside. The poet innocently mistake the masculine and feminine unpleasant sounds to that of disagreement or quarrel.

The two stanza poem holds the idea that childhood is truly a time of naivety and innocence. Structurally, the two stanzas are four lines per stanza.

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Attitude Of Robert Frost To Nature In Birches

Childhood reminiscence led Robert Frost into Birches, a poem about swinging the birch trees. The poet is nature oriented and the poem "Birches" is no difference as it delighted the poet in childhood and the memory in adulthood. The poet even used many comparisons to relate his ideas to nature "And life is too much like a pathless wood/ Where your face burns and tickles with cobwebs/ Broken across it, and one eye is weeping/ From a twig’s having lashed across it open"

As a child, one is free of backaching worries, unnecessary egoistic rivalries, and many more. Those with rural background as Frost would solace in the ever available vegetational amusements such as swinging Birches. The poet also described the trees as enduring "And they seem not to break; though once they are bowed/ So low for long, they never right themselves" (line 15-16)

Besides the description of the birches. And besides the freedom and delight derived in swinging the birches. The poet made mention of many nature elements as "ice-storms" in line 5 and 22, "snow-crust" in line 11, "woods" in line 17, "Earth" in line 52, "cobwebs" in line 45, etc.

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Relate The Background Of William Blake To The Schoolboy

This article is to discuss the relationship that exists between the background of William Blake and the poem titled "The Schoolboy".

The Schoolboy is a poem that criticizes the classroom system of learning with the believe that pedagogical fulfilment is embedded in nature. In such idea lies the irony of the poem because it’s widely believed that being well educated within the four walls of the school is fulfilment. The juvenile reasoning of the schoolboy made him feel so maltreated by his parents.

The formal classroom resentment of the poem speaker "The Schoolboy" also reflected in the background of the poet. William Blake is child of art. He was bound by art of nature and divine art. Whether or not Blake lived a wealthy life is a story for another day but his name has stood a test of time in the history of literature worldwide. William Blake had a very humble background born 28th November 1757. He mastered printing, poetry and painting with few evidence in existence till day. According to Wikipedia, "It was recorded that little Blake only read the subjects that interested to the extent that when William Blake was ten, his parents knew enough of his headstrong temperament that he was not sent to school but instead enrolled in drawing classes at Pars’s drawing school in the Strand." He died on 12th August of 1827.

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Prove That The Elephant Is An Extraordinary Animal In Salute To The Elephant By Babalola Adeboye

The elephant is made a demon in the poem "Salute To The Elephant" by Babalola Adeboye because folk tales put a lot of exaggerations into their fabulosity. It is no doubt that elephant is a mountainous animal but "demons who swallows palm fruit bunches whole, even with the spiky pistil-cells" is weigh too much. As if that’s not enough, the heavy eye-tearing pictures continued:
In line 14, "O elephant, who single-handed causes a tremor in a dense tropical forest"
In line 23, "If you wish to know the elephant, the elephant who is a veritable ferry-man"
In line 28, "Whose molar teeth are as wide as palm-oil pits in Ijesaland"
In line 33, "Beast who carries mortars and yet walks with a swaggering gait"
In line 34, "Primeval leper, animal treading ponderously"

The symbolism "O death, please stop following me" in line 21 also added to the elephant’s extraordinariness.

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

3 Major Themes In Dry Your Tears Africa By Bernard Daddie

Bernard Daddie has made impact on African literature_ to the best of his ability, no doubt about that. The poem "Dry Your Tears Africa" is one among the pieces we can point at and say "Bernard Daddie truly loves Africa".

Here,naijapoets.com will mention the three major themes in the poem. These are the theme of assurance, the theme of nostalgia, and the theme of fertility.

(1) THE THEME OF ASSURANCE:- "Your children come back to you/ Out of the storm and squalls of fruitless journeys" is a sentence assuring the Africa which the imaginative sense of the poet believed was lonely and crying. Even the title of the poem puts Africa in a lacking or needy position "Dry Your Tears Africa". We didn’t just see why the children are coming home but how the children will care for mother Africa in the last stanza of the poem:
"Dry your tears, Africa!
Your children come back to you
their hands full of play things
and their hearts full of love.
They return to cloth you
in their dreams and their hopes".

(2) THE THEME OF NOSTALGIA:- Nostalgia is a homesick feeling or longing for home. It can also be referred to a bittersweet yearning for the things of the past. One of the things that can cause the feeling of nostalgia is displeasure. The poet’s journey became cloy, full of excuses as seen in stanza two:
"Through the crest of the wave and the babbling of the breeze
Over the gold of the east
and the purple of the setting sun,
the peaks of the proud mountains
and the grasslands drenched with light
They return to you
Out of the storm and squalls of fruitless journeys".

(3) THE THEME OF FERTILITY:- Bernard Daddie louds the natural and mineral riches of Africa. The seven lines of stanza four was dedicated to showing how the abundant resources in the continent from the clearness of the sky to the charm of Africa’s foliage:
"And our senses are now opened
to the splendour of your beauty
to the smell of your forests
to the charm of your waters
to the clearness of your skies
to the caress of your sun
And to the charm of your foliage pearled by the dens".

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Brief Analysis Of My Song By Kofi Anyidoho

To analyze this poem of Kofi Anyidoho, one must examine the origin of the poet. Kofi Anyidoho is a well known African writer with many poetry awards to his efforts. Kofi Anyidoho hails from Ghana born 25th July 1947; Anyidoho is currently a professor of literature at University of Ghana.

With the use of parables, repetition and adages, one can easily claim the poem reflects oral African poetic flavor; it is truly a song as said by the title.

With the simple and straightforward expression of the poet, one can simply say that "My Song" by Kofi Anyidoho has a very simple diction which any reader can relate. With eleven stanzas accommodating lines carved with irregular rhymes and rhythms, the mind of the poet became well broadcasted.

The poet believes in his craft even when there are no obvious success. He believes that bending to blend well with ones talent is worth the sacrifice; worth more than flashy short-term success. He ascertained that people are so myopic and trendy to the level that success has a certain shape but whatever fails to take such shape becomes a victim of mockery. According to the words of the poet, "The gifts that bestows at birth/ Some had some splendid things/ What was mine?/ I sing. They laugh./ Still I sell My Song/ for those with ears to buy" not everybody will accept or appreciate what we do but that should not weigh down the motivation of the doer.

The poem ends in refrains:
" My cloth is torn, I know
But I shall learn to wear it well

My voice is hoarse, I know
But I shall learn to wear it well."
The above parallel refrain is another way of saying that whatever outward appearance portrayed doesn’t matter in as much as its propelled towards the maximization of talent.

SUMMARY OF THE POEM
Title:- My Song
Author:- Kofi Anyidoho
Versification:- Irregular verse
Number of stanzas:- Eleven
Category: – Life and Ambition
Point of View:- First person
(the poet’s personal opinion)
Major theme:- Living by passion
Major device:- Repetition
Diction:- Very simple to comprehend
Most used word:- The pronoun "I"

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

The Theme Of Loneliness In Daffodils By William Wordsworth

"I wonder’d lonely as a cloud
That floats on high over vale and hills, when all at once I saw a crowd,
A host of golden daffodils"

William Wordsworth in the poem Daffodils envied the union of the mass daffodils dancing beside the lake in comparison to his own loneliness; this motivates naijapoets.com to look into the theme of loneliness in Daffodils by William Wordsworth.

The first stanza discussed how the poet became cognisant of the daffodils, the second stanza showed the strong bond and unity within the endless number of daffodils fluttering with the breeze beside the lake, the third stanza is about the strong impact the scene had on the poet to the level that "A poet could not but be gay/ In such jocund company/ I gaze_ and gazed_ but little thought/ What wealth the show to me had brought". The final stanza of the poem is where the beautiful union of the daffodils kept questioning the poet’s lonely mood and by so doing returned the poet’s sense of remembrance to the dazzling daffodil scene. In a nutshell, the daffodils became the therapeutic remedy to the poet’s loneliness.

The poem "Daffodils" has a total of twenty lines divided into four stanzas of five lines per stanza. The fourth stanza is as quoted below:
"For oft when on my couch I lie,
In vacant or in pensive mood,
They flash upon that inward eye which is the bliss of solitude,
And then my heart with pleasure fills and dances with the daffodils".

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Summary Of Upon An Honest Man’s Fortune By John Fletcher

The poem opened with Fletcher calling at the soothsayer or whoever claimed to understand destiny. He first pretended he wanted to peep into his own future as well with instance in line 9-18
"Tell me, by all your art I conjure ye,
Yes, and by truth, what shall become of me
Find out my star, if each one as you say,
Have this peculiar angel, and his way
Observe my fate, next fall into your dreams,
Sweep clean your houses, and new-line your schemes,
Then say your worst! Or have I none at all?
Or is it burnt out lately? Or did fall?
Or am I poor? Not able, no full flame?
My star, like me, unworthy of a name?"
He then exclaimed "You all lie!" to prove that he never believed in their craps. It baffled him that human beings are so short-sighted that he gave little or no thought to God’s omnipotence and failed to realize that only in him "all truth" "all influence" and "all fate" reside. John Fletcher was of the believe that no mortal can crack God’s work. He believed that God knows the best way to navigate his life and urged the readers to buy his idea because "Man is his own star, and that soul that can/ Be honest, is the only perfect man"

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

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