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You’ll find a lot to enjoy in terms of
poetry and poetry related articles; Nigerian poetry, African poetry, Asia poetry, European poetry, American poetry_ we follow poetic spirit and instinct:-

    African Poetic Analysis
    Non-African Poetic Analysis
    Beautiful Poems
The Panic Of Growing Older by Lenrie Peters Mad Girl’s Love Song by Sylvia Plath Harvest of Corruption by Frank Ogbeche (2 themes)
Song of Sorrow 1 and 2 by Kofi Awoonor (imagery) Analysis of Tempest by Glynn Burridge Poetry Questions Visitors Asked
Analysis of In The Navel Of The Soul by Kobena Acquah Analysis Of Shakespeare by Matthew Arnold 5 Poems of Gabriel Eziorobo
Piano And Drums By Gabriel Okara Analysis Of Daffodils No More By Gorden J L Ramel Business
Analyze Poem Of Alienation By Antonio Jacinto Impermanent Factors In Shall I Compare Thee To A Summers Day By William Shakespeare Neighbors
Analysis Of Monsters By Godspower Oboido Analyze Ulysses By Alfred Lord Tennyson Travellers
Analysis Of Do Not Go Violent Into That Night By Remi Raji The Theme Of Loneliness In Daffodils By Willaim Wordsworth Sullen Rhythm
Few Among The Questions Naijapoets Visitors Have Been Asking Summary Of Upon An Honest Man’s Fortune By John Fletcher The Night Wing By Emily Bronte
Analysis Of No Coffin No Grave By Jared Angira Analysis Of Relic By Ted Hughes Modern Nursery School Song By Frank Parkes
Simple Summary Of The Fence By Lenrie Peters Primitiveness Quality Exposure And Acceptance In The Negro Speaks Of Rivers Theology In Absence Of Realism
Analysis Of Night In Senegal By Leopold S. Senghor Two Look At Two By Robert Frost; The Summary Poet Laureate
Cultural Reflection From Abiku By John Pepper Clark A Walt Whitman Style Halloween
Analysis Of The Mutineer’s Song By Remi Raji At Castle Wood By Emily Bronte Are You From Sub Saharan Africa
Brief Analysis Of My Song By Kofi Anyidoho Attitude Of Robert Frost To Nature In Birches Traditionals
Analysis Of Telephone Conversation By Wole Soyinka Deep Analysis Of Over The World’s Rim By William Faulkner 13 Elements Of Poetry
Analysis Of River By Gert Vlok Nel Analysis Of My Grandmother By Elizabeth Jennings 3 Themes Of Lonely Days By Bayo Adebowale
Analysis Of Freetown By Sly Cheney Coker Summary Of Death Be Not Proud By John Donne Democratic Republic Of Congo
Summary Of Africa By Raphael Armattoe Overview Of Alone By Edgar Allan Poe The Lady Parents Hide From Me
Analysis Of Not My Business By Niyi Osundare Analysis: To An Athlete Dying Young By A. E. Housman National Anthem Of Nigeria (Old)
Analysis Of I Think It Rains By Wole Soyinka Analysis Of The World Is Too Much With Us By William Wordsworth Literature: The Oral And Written
Gbemisola Adeoti And Hard Lines Parody Of Ralph Waldo Emerson The Juice Of Ambition
Analysis Of My Husband’s Tongue Is Bitter By Okot P’Bitek Brief Analysis Of Afterwards By Thomas Hardy Ozone Layer
Review Of Diviner’s Hand By Lola Shoneyin About The Poem: The Rime Of The Ancient Of Mariner Novel
Analysis Of Beat The Drums By Echezonachukwu Nduka Analysis Of Springlet By Jose Zorilla Bombers Took Nigerian House And Stay
8 Metaphors In The Anvil And The Hammer By Kofi Awoonor Analysis Of The School Boy By William Blake Prison Breaking
Analysis Of The Dry Season By Kwesi Brew Analysis Of Two Lovers By George Eliot Dis Christmas Dey Sweet Ma Bele
Analysis Of Become The Journey By Femi Osofisan Overview Of Going To Heaven By Emily Dickinson If Kisses Were Not For Lips
Discuss The Theme Of Political Revolution And Struggle For Freedom In Gbanabom Hallowell’s “The Dining Table” Write On The Epic Elements In The Proud King By William Morris Website That Analyzes Poems
Analysis Of Locus By Femi Osofisan Analysis Of Shall I Compare Thee To A Summer’s Day Dramatic Irony
Plot And Themes Of Night Rain By John Pepper Clark How Relevant Is The Title A Raisin In The Sun By Lorraine Hansberry End Time Ministration
Analysis Of Ours To Plough Not To Plunder By Niyi Osundare Plot Of On His Blindness By John Milton How Sweet It Is To Be An Investor
Summary Of The Lonely Soul By Raphael Armattoe Overview Of Eternity By William Blake The Birds Flying To See God
Preoccupation Of Gbemisola Adeoti In Ambush Analysis Of Under The Mountain By Louis MacNeice Feeling As If To Kiss God
Effects Of War On Children In The Dining Table By Gbanabom Hallowell Analysis Of Virtue By George Herbert Fraudulent Avenue For Some Dudes
How Sympathetic Was John Pepper Clark In The Poem “The Casualties”? Poetic Devices In Snake By D. H. Lawrence Limerick For Cacophony
Analysis Of The Poem Passion Flower By Christopher Okigbo Emily Dickinson (10/12/1830-15/05/1886) Kwame Ataapim
How Suitable Is The Title Vanity By Birago Diop? Analysis Of The Pulley By George Herbert Acoustic Poem For Ibadan
Poem And Analysis Of The Fulani Creation Story How Can You Explain Nostalgia In Birches By Robert Frost Mongo Park And The African Princess
Discuss The Absurdity Of War In The Dining Table By Gbanabom Hallowell Analysis Of Richard Cory By Edward Robinson A Black Hunter
Describe Ambush As Metaphor Of Societal Evil Analysis Of The Sun Rising By John Donne Elegy To A Dead Friend
Analysis Of The Blind Man By Pius Oleghe Analysis Of Report To Wordsworth By Kim Boey Cheng How Good Is Your Haiku?
Theme Of Piano And Drums By Gabriel Okara Analysis Of Water By Philip Larkin Rhetorical Question
Deep Analysis Of Post Mortem By Wole Soyinka Analysis Of To His Coy Mistress By Andrew Marvel What Makes A Good Poet
What Are The Theme In The Anvil And The Hammer By Kofi Awoonor Analysis Of The School Boy By William Blake Interesting Chaotic Situation
Describe The Feelings Of The Poet In Dry Your Tears Africa By Bernard Dadie Analysis Of Ode To A Grecian Urn By John Keats Mother You’re The Best

Frankly speaking, you should feel free to CHECK OUR WAEC PAST QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS OR READ OUR LOVE POEMS or might like this video on HOW TO ANALYZE A POEM:-


Or Simply Scroll through the posts below.

Analyzed Somewhere I Have Never Travelled Gladly Beyond By E. E. Cummings

E. E. Cummings is an American poet painter, essayist, author, and a playwright. Judging by the dominance of the theme of love in most of his poetry crafts, Cummings should be called the Shakespeare among his poetry colleagues.

The poem "Somewhere I Have Never Traveled Gladly Beyond" tells of the immense power of love with the alluring image of "eyes" and "rose" and "rain" and "flower". Such theme is largely covered in this poem of twenty lines divided into five stanzas of four lines per stanza.

The first stanza says of the attraction caused by seductive eyes and gesture which the poet has never before witnessed.

According to the second stanza, the feelings the poet tried to hide due to fear and shyness are forced open the same way a Spring time opens her first rose so (touching skilfully,mysteriously).

In stanza three, the attraction has the ability to overpower the poet like a flower covered by rose.

The poet generalized his feeling in stanza four, saying that what he felt will equally be felt by anyone considering the skin color of his lover:
"nothing which we are to perceive in this world equals
the power of your intense fragility: whose texture
compels me with the color of its countries,
rendering death and forever with each breathing"

One among the very heavy lines of the poem is line nineteen "the voice of your eyes is deeper than roses". The line is a conclusive assertion to the poet’s feeling; the subject’s eyes is compared a living thing with a mouth to create voice and the voice created is in depth compared to rose flower. In short, the line contains imagery, personification and metaphor.

As much as the theme of love cannot be without mentioned, the theme of nature added an impact in representing the feelings of the poet; the Spring, the flower, the rose, the rain, the petal, the snow, etc.

There are imagery, metaphor, personification, enjambment, repetition, etc. One important thing to note in this poem titled "Somewhere I Have Never Travelled Gladly Beyond" by E. E. Cummings is the poet’s feeling of attraction for an abstraction. The poet, with the use of ordinary expressions plus poetic recipes or devices, spoke of his undeniable attraction for an entity generally believed to be a feminine but the totality of the poem refused to clearly state a gender. The word beautifully in "I and my life will shut very beautifully" refers not to a lady but the poet’s life. Even the use of "her" in line eight "her first rose" was referred to a season (Spring)

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Character And Significance Of Mary Dalton In Native Son By Richard Wright

The problem of Bigger Thomas was simply of dissatisfaction until he came into proximity with Mary Dalton which broaden his criminal trait by turning him into a murderer.

The impact of Mary Dalton in the novel cannot be overemphasized knowing that Native Son by Richard Wright is a story that narrates relationship differences in terms of race, status, and ideology; therefore the murder of Mary Dalton via suffocation made the storyline more intense and interesting.

"I’ve been to England, France, and Mexico, but I don’t know how people live ten blocks from me" said Mary in page 101. Her statement was a prove of huge class differences in the novel.

In an environment where the white is superior to the black and any complain of black violating the white is a very huge offense. In such environment Bigger was made the chauffeur of Mary Dalton who at a point got drunk. In an attempt to help her to her bed without anybody knowing he touched her but Mrs. Dalton came into the scene and things got ugly.

Mary Dalton, a white is Jan’s lover; they were both communists who doesn’t believe in the division between the rich and the poor. One can also consider Mary to be a fun lover; in spite of restrictions, she pretended going to the university the night Bigger drove her:
‘"I’m not going to the University", she said at last. "But you can forget that. I want you to drive me to the Loop. But if anyone should ask you, then I went to the University, see, Bigger?"’
Mary Dalton related with her father’s employee regardless of boundary and such indirectly led to her death and the resulting development of the protagonist’s character.

"Richard Wright was born near Natchez Mississippi, in 1908. As a child he lived in Memphis, Tennessee, then in an orphanage, and with various relatives. He left home at fifteen and returned to Memphis for two years to work before headed to Chicago."

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Poetry Questions Visitors Asked

Here are few among the questions asked this week; other confidential questions asked by naijapoets visitors are intact and will forever remain confidential.
These questions are posted since they can be beneficial to anyone:-

(1) A Naijapoets Visitor Asked:- Whatz The Relationship Between Yaremi And Her Husband?

Naijapoets Replied:-
"The relationship between Yaremi and Ajumobi was marriage-like (similar to that of fresh romance) though the narration begins with the death of the husband but some instances I will briefly mention should reveal cordial and lovely relationship.

If the bond between Yaremi and her husband was not strong, she would have given in to one of her admirers before the "cap picking" whatever; she even went ahead and put all seeking her hand in marriage into public disgrace.

Yaremi maintained solitude and withstood humiliation because of her love for the husband; she felt that no other man can in any way fill the gap of Ajumobi.

It is also noted in the novel that Yaremi visits the grave of her husband and her long emersion in the memory of times spent with Ajumobi makes her shed tears for the demise of him."

(2) A Naijapoets Visitor Asked:- Discuss The Poem Tone And Mood Vis-à-vis Poetic Content

Naijapoets Replied:-
"It is the tone, to a certain level that determines the mood. The voice of Gabriel Okara through his choice of words looked recalling, judgemental, contrasting and indecisive. The first stanza holding the poet’s memory of the past shows a recalling tone "in my mother’s laps a suckling" then the judgemental aspect is in the context where the drums are said to be raw while the piano is complex. The poet’s idea of juxtaposition denotes both contrasting and indecisive tone.

A man’s choice is another’s rejection which takes us to aspect of mood. The poem may invoke a varying mood from reader to reader. One can probably feel related in terms of the message regarding conflicting ideology (being an African in European dogmas). Even though the structure of the poem is not lyrical but the title and few words concerto, counterpoint, diminuendo, wailing-piano, drums etc are capable of placing a music lover in a music mood."

(3) A Naijapoets Visitor Asked:- What Is The Theme Of Destruction In Ambush By Gbemisola Adeoti

Naijapoets Replied:-
"The theme of destruction is similar to the theme of danger. In the theme of danger, virtually all the lines of the poem exemplified it. The poet made it known with the use of following words like “swallows”, “cries”, “snatch”, “tribulations”, “disaster” and created dreadful agents of death like “a giant whale”, “a sabre-toothed tiger”, “a giant hawk” to carry out fear and danger.
The dangerous animals are seen destroying the efforts of the land dwellers. The giant whale destroys the efforts the fishermen which is seen between line 1-5 of the poem."

(4) A Naijapoets Visitor Asked:- Analyse Gbanabom Hallowell’s Dining Table

Naijapoets Replied:-
"(1) Poet:- "Elvis Gbanabom Hallowell is the author of a collection of poems, Hills of Temper. As a journalist in Freetown, he witnessed and chronicled the ten-year war which has influenced most of his poetry." (Biography quoted from

(2) Denotation/ Subject matter:-
The poem is about a certain communal attack or civil war with led to destruction leaving the victims in the poem with injuries, homelessness, fear, vengeful hearts, etc.

(3) Themes:-
i. Negative effects of war
ii. Homelessness
iii. Political revolution
iv. Struggle for survival

(3) Language, Style and devices:-
Dining Table by Gbanabom Hallowell has a simple language. It is 3 stanza poem in free verse with a total of 26 lines. There are enjambments and imageries to spice the poem."

(5) A Naijapoets Visitor Asked:- How Are The Facts In Piano And Drums Compare To Our Modern Life?

Naijapoets Replied:-
"Lets view it this way. If you happen to have a rural background then peradventure by fate you find yourself in city where the happenings differ from that of your rural; at first you will probably be in a dilemma of which lifestyle to fully embrace (the past or the present). Such was the position Gabriel Okara found himself; in dilemma between the African culture and the western civilised culture.

Gabriel Okara symbolised the African culture with "drum" and the Western culture with "piano" because he felt the African culture is very simple while the Western culture is very complex.

Come to think of it, the village life (which exemplifies the primitive Africa) is as simple as grow into adulthood, have a wife and a farm to feed the family. On the contrary, the city life (which exemplifies the European culture) is complex with more than just having a farm and a family. You can draw references from the poem to support this headstart I have given."

(6) A Naijapoets Visitor Asked:- i need a concrete stanza by stanza explanation of the religious aspect in the poem.

Naijapoets Replied:-
"Your question seems ambiguous. Do you demand the stanzaic summary or how the poem relates to religion?

Stanzaic summary:-
Stanza 1 says the fear of aging increases by year. Stanza 2 says one is full of hope at twenty. Stanza 3 says the expectations began to wane. Stanza 3 says of long hours of working. Stanza 4, little or no result for those hard works. Stanza 5 except have children which is no big deal at all. Stanza 6 speaks of the uncertainty of having a long life. Stanza 7 says that the uncertainty further makes humans highly unsatisfied in comparison between all that has been achieved and yet those yet to be achieved.

Religious angle of the poem:-
If we allude to the bible, procreation according to Gen. 1:28 can be seen from line 21-23. Hard labour and life struggles according to Gen. 3:19 can be seen in lines 13-16. Mortality and death according to Ecc. 9:5 can be seen in 25-28, etc."

(7) A Naijapoets Visitor Asked:- Discuss The Theme Of Dilemma In African Worship In The Anvil And The Hammer

Naijapoets Replied:-
"It is the speaker’s state of dilemma that led to the juxtaposition between past and present. Such tone of dilemma is very evident between line 9-14:
"The jargon of new dialectic come with the
Charisma of the perpetual search on the outlaw’s hill
Sew the old days for us our fathers
That we can wear them under our new garment
After we have washed ourselves in
The whirlpool of the many rivers’ estuary"

(8) A Naijapoets Visitor Asked:- What are the various significance of act one, scene one of the text" The blood of a stranger" by Dele Charley.

Naijapoets Replied:-
"The Blood of a Stranger by Dele Charley is about unscrupulous elders in Mandoland whose greed led to the glorification of a stranger’s will over the deep rooted culture of the land.

It is true that the drama is a mockery of culture. The act one scene one is so relevant in that it lay the foundation for such mockery. In addition, act one scene one opened the door which led to the later tragic flaw of the dubious characters.

This is just a few point to prove the significances of the act one scene. With the hope that you have already read the book "The Blood Of A Stranger" by Dele Charley; in order to expatiate the two aforementioned significances, you need to draw excerpts from the book to support the points mentioned."

(9) A Naijapoets Visitor Asked:- Who is the author of the poem CALL OF THE RIVER NUN?

Naijapoets Replied:-
"The poem is a free verse composed in form of ode. Gabriel Okara the author or preferably the poet is a die hard fan of his background (riverine background) and even the poem like very many other poem of his point to Okara’s root or origin."

(10) A Naijapoets Visitor Asked:- What is the tone of the poem Fulani creation story

Naijapoets Replied:-
"The Fulani Creation Story is like a folk myth about creation as implied by the context and the title of the poem. Where the god of creation is referred to as Doondari.

As not to re-narrate what is already known, the question as here is "what is the tone of the poem…"
The obvious tone of the poem is in a part AUTHORITATIVE and in a part INFORMATIVE.

Informative tone in the sense that the poet words are sequentially chosen to portray to unfold of events leading to life cycle of man (Fulani man) while authoritative with the use of words like "created" "defeated" which are used to portray supremacy."

The Panic Of Growing Older By Lenrie Peters

The Panic of Growing Older is a poem that can be categorized under growth and living. Its context is partly scientific and mainly biological since biology is the study of all life or living matters.

This poem is a creative effort of Lenrie Peters (1932 – 2009), a multi talented Gambian citizen who was widely known to be an author, a singer, a broadcaster, and to crown it all; a medical doctor.

The poem tabled the human sequences of aging and its accompanied fear. An adult in his twenties_ uses his one sided view of life, to occupy himself with sweet simple fantasized gigantic expectations until he clocks thirty and then reality begins to set in. All the simple expectations and hopes seem hard to attain while aging approach quicker than blinks.

With the sincere tone of the poem, a sober mood of realization is created through the 32 lines of the poem; in which the 8 stanzas are quatrains mostly linked by enjambments.

Stanzaic summary:-
Stanza 1 means that the fear of aging increases by year. Stanza 2 implies that one will be filled with sweet hope at twenty. Stanza 3 says the expectations began to wane. Stanza 4 adds more implication of growing older where one has long hours Continue reading The Panic Of Growing Older By Lenrie Peters

Analysis Of In The Navel Of The Soul By Kobena Acquah

Ideological differences can be seen in the poem titled: In The Navel Of The Soul by Kobena Acquah as the voice of the poem favours the traditional way in comparison with the scientific way. This is also another poem with a cultural clash; almost similar to poems like The Anvil And The Hammer by Kofi Awoonor, Piano And Drums by Gabriel Okara, Young Africa’s Plea by Dennis Osadebay, etc. The issue of pregnancy detection is the discussion in the poem where pregnancy is determined through the local African way while western scientific way says opposite leading to the argument of proficiency.

Kobena Eyi Acquah is a Ghanaian poet born in the year 1952. He is also a legal practitioner educated at the University of Ghana and the Ghana Law School. Now it is no surprise that Kobena created a poem with a debatable opinion or view.

A quick summary of the eight stanzas of the poem "In The Navel Of The Soul" go thus:-

Stanza one says that it is possible for a traditional birth-giver to detect pregnancy by a mere touch on the tommy.

The stanza two say that the medical practitioner’s urine test, accompanied with other biological signs and observation say negative.

Then the third stanza says but the traditional birth-giver can feel a baby in the same tommy that urine test claims negative.

Stanza four, imagine if we can see for ourselves, we would have thought ourselves dreaming, with all the lies they made with your name.

Stanza five, even now that their pose for brilliance and over caring attitude are heightened, we are very sure.

The stanza six is as simple as "They say we have gone all out of our mind"

Then stanza seven and eight say they’re now claiming that we are in sane; God, if insanity will free us from their deceits, let it be because we can also feel a moving baby in this womb.

The use of pronoun "they" and "their" by the poet is a way to avoid emphasis. To avoid emphasising the phrase "The experts" which refers to the medical practitioners. There are more imageries to drive the message of the poet deep into the heart of the readers.

Let’s expatiate on the following lines "a spirit refusing to be drowned/ in its own waters/ before birth."
The poet used the phrase "a spirit" to mean an unborn baby in the womb of the mother. While "in its own waters" symbolizes the womb and the movement of the baby in the womb which is felt by the mother is painted by the poet as "refusing to be drowned".

Contrast As A Poetic Device:-
To start with, the poem portrays a contrasting believe between the traditional medicine and the modern medicine. Not only that, there are some glaring contrasts in the voice of the poet in reference to lines such as "we are not sure —/ No. We are sure" "the things that are done/ in Your name —/ I mean, the things that are undone/ behind
the flimsy facade of Your name".

The Theme Of Conflict of Culture:-
The poem looks at the means of determining pregnancy from two different practices (the traditional medical practice and the modern medical practice) where the traditional is symbolized as "the midwives of the spirit" while the modern is symbolized as "The experts". The conflicting idea begins when the traditionalists determine pregnancy by just a touch on the belly but the modernists (so called experts) undergoes laboratory testing or scientific experiments to determine the presence of pregnancy.

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Harvest Of Corruption By Frank Ogbeche (2 Themes)

This post is to discuss two of the most vital themes in Harvest Of Corruption by Frank Ogodo Ogbeche. This is a drama set in Jacassa to show how greed leads to the abuse of privileges and power. There are two factions; the evildoers versus the evil-fighters.

Getting to the themes, we have:
(1) Corrupt Practices and the end results:-
In the drama, Chief Haladu Ade-Amaka took the privilege of being the Minister for External Relations as a reason to get greedy. With false promises and illicit enticements, the chief gathered people to be his "pawns"; the likes of Aloho, Ochuole, Madam Hoha, Justice Odili, the Police Commissioner, etc.
By the time the drama will draw to close, every corrupt entities have got their own shares of rewards. Chief Haladu Ade-Amaka was brought to book with the faithful assistant of ACP Yakubu, Prosecution Counsel and the rightful court of law. Chief Ade-Amaka was sentenced to twenty-five years in jail confinement with hard labour. Aloho lost her life and unwanted pregnancy. Akpara Hotel was closed and Madam Hoha was given ten years in imprisonment the same as Ochuole, etc.

(2) Morality exults in all situations:-
A moral heart never gives in to greed as seen in the drama, while Aloho was highly carried away by all that Ochuole (their ex-schoolmate) had acquired, it didn’t move Ogeyi at all.
Ogeyi wasn’t the only one unsatisfied with the corrupt acts going on in Jacassa, the drama showed Inspector Inaku, ACP Yakubu, even Showboy (the madman) as other characters against the injustices happening. It Continue reading Harvest Of Corruption By Frank Ogbeche (2 Themes)

Analysis Of Tempest By Glynn Burridge

This poem by Glynn Burridge is of a sailing experience (a very stormy sailing experience). Though short (8 lines) but descriptive with the byproduct of careful imageries. The poem persona shows the relationship between sky and sea; meaning a cloudy sky can cause a stormy sea. The ship contending the storm was described as old made with woods from a long forgotten forest. The sky was described as dark and cloudy with a hovering bird called a phantom. The sea was described to be stormy, wicked and angry almost drowning the ship.

In the poem, one see the ship, the ocean, the sky, the hovering bird; all with the used image of sight and sound ("old sailing beauty" in line 1, "Yaws dizzily in her century-old duel with a drunken sea" in line 2, "wind-tormented waves and a leaden sky", "in pained falsetto", "riotous rendez-vous", etc.

The poem speaker not only view the sea as animate; metaphorically, Continue reading Analysis Of Tempest By Glynn Burridge

Song Of Sorrow 1 And 2 By Kofi Awoonor (Imagery)

Born on March 13, 1935, Kofi Awoonor was a Ghanaian poet and author well-known for combining the poetic traditions of his native Ewe with contemporary and religious symbolism to create a unique form of writing. He died after sustaining injuries during the attack by Somali militant group, al-Shabaab at Westgate shopping mall in Nairobi, Kenya on September 21, 2013.

“Song of Sorrow 1 and 2 is a pessimistic poem. It is a dirge in which the living blame the ancestors for the hardship and difficulties that their departure has left behind. Much of this meaning is conveyed through several important images used in the poem.

The desolation and helplessness that has occurred is presented right at the beginning of the Song of Sorrow 1 in the form of “chameleon faeces”. The image is appropriate as it conjures up the picture of something that cannot be wiped away or made clean. It is this catastrophe that is emphasized by the use of this image.

A series of other images closely associated with desolation, destruction and even death, is used in successive parts Continue reading Song Of Sorrow 1 And 2 By Kofi Awoonor (Imagery)

Mad Girl’s Love Song By Sylvia Plath

The speaker is a lover with a very deep feeling of love for someone (which could be male or female) the poem did not specify.

In a nut shell, Sylvia Plath wrote this poem in form of villanelle. When a poem has 6 stanzas (where the first 5 stanzas are 3 lines each and the last stanza is 4 lines) of which line 1 is repeated in line 6, 12, 18 and line 3 is repeated in line 9, 15, 19; such a poem is referred to as a villanelle.

To summarize the poem, "It seems I made you up in my brain because you left me too soon when your love inside of me was still very fresh and strong; leaving me with the hope that you shall soon come back to me until now I became old and could no longer recollect your name.

Whenever I remember how memorable our encounter used to be_ your undeniable insane way of kissing; I always feel as if you’re just a sweet fiction to me"

It is of little necessity to state the the theme of this poem when it’s generally known that villanelles are French form of poetry that discuss the subject of love.

Besides the use of repetition of lines such as "I shut my eyes and all the world drops dead" and "I think I made you up inside my head", the are other beauty devices created by Sylvia Plath in "Mad Girl’s Love Song".
The expression "all the world drops dead" has an alliteration, a hyperbole, and also seems like a metonymy and more.
"my lids" is a synecdoche while the "The stars go waltzing out in blue and red" is a personification.
"God" "hell" "seraphim" "Satan" are all instance of religious allusion in the poem.

On the October 27th in the year 1932, one of those destined to represent the female gender in the creative craft of literature was born and innocently christened Sylvia Plath; not knowing such name will stand the test of time. This reminds me of a quote from the Ifa divinity which says "None of us at the beach can differentiate the footprint of royals from paupers; no one can ever predict the future of a person immediately at birth".

According to the article at, Sylvia Plath had been eying fame before she even became a teen. Reading voraciously, writing creatively, aiming to be a published public figure before she entered her teen-hood. No wonder some people refer to Chimamanda Adichie as the Sylvia Plath of Nigeria.

But upon all her strives and attempts, the lifetime of Sylvia exemplified "qui cera cera". "On February 11, 1963_ during one of the worst English winters on record, Plath wrote a note to her downstairs neighbor instructing him to call the doctor, then she committed suicide using her gas oven".

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

5 Poems Of Gabriel Eziorobo

Below are few poems of Gabriel Eziorobo:-

I really don’t know
a secret in you,
because i was a baby
in his mother womb,
for nine months
without seeing the sun,
pondering day and night
thinking of what to do,
luckily for me
i fell asleep
in a secret town
surrounded with art
full of branches
with a secret in it
i find myself
a clue in it,
with the four-letters
everything is open.

Every time i touches the light
i see you in the lime-light of my heart,
so deep in my heart
deeper than the ocean.

Every time i wanna say hi to you,
your eyes will be sleeping
in the night
so i felt,i was a pest to you
not to allow your eyes
to sleep well in the night
so i walk away
to the mountain
to fast and pray
for you to see the lime-light
in my heart,
so deep in my heart
deeper than the ocean.

I was angry
in and out of me,
flowing like a river
in the river-side,
where it started
like a tumour
to my heart,
my heart was full of anger,
pumping in and out of me
like a river
in the river-side,
where i find her
the guilding angel
of my heart,
she is the one
or maybe she is
the healer
of my sickness,
i was wandering
like a river
in the river-side,
i find happiness with her.

The night is dark
so the beauty
of the earth
is down.

The night is scary
and those who wake-up
are the survivals.

The night is the spirit-battle
so the night ask;
how was your-night?
How many people are alive?
How many people are dead?

My heart ceases
to function
so my brain
stops to think
so i wonder wonder,
where will i be?

The beauty,
of the earth
is fading
so the birds sing ah!ah!ah!
So i wonder wonder,
what does the song mean?

The drummers drum
so the dancers dance
to the rhythm of the drum
so i wonder wonder,
what is the rhythm of the drum?

Gabriel Eziorobo is a passionate poet, short story writer, and a fictional playwright. A contemporary Nigerian literature talent. Search him on Facebook to be his fan.

Analysis of Kwashiorkor By Moses Opara

Opara introduced the readers to the poem by sharing his encounter with a beautiful child suffering from kwashiorkor down a shallow street:
"I saw a beautiful child
Down a shallow street"

The poet continues by telling the readers about the child’s swollen belly, bow legs, starved head and smiles which depicted that the child wore a kwashiorkor look. All these portrayed by the poet are signs of malnutrition that leads to kwashiorkor in children:
"With swollen belly, bow legs and starved head
His smiles wore a kwashiorkor look"

The poets feels pity for the child and his/her condition of malnutrition and hunger.
The child’s voice is fainting every day and his heart no longer wants to move on. He is fighting to stay alive and also fighting the fears in his heart.

The child is malnourished as a result of poverty and drought:
"With fainting voice, he sighed in his heart
He was playing with the dust of despair
Fighting the crawling shadows of fear,
A poor child starved by malnutrition
The seal of poverty engaged his thought"

In the last 5 lines, the poets tell us that tears stole the joy of the child who is plagued and bounded by death. He is certain that one day death will come. His plea is for someone to hold his hands and encourage, strengthen and give him hope.
"He walked in unclean diapers of tears
Plagued by unclear hymns
Sticker in death’s bond
He wore a plea in his heart,
A plea for a heart to hold his heart."

Moses Chibueze Opara aka Mr. Humility
(A temporary Nigerian poet and poetry analyst)

The Analysis Of Shakespeare By Matthew Arnold

Matthew Arnold uses the medium of his poem titled: "Shakespeare" to eulogize William Shakespeare by telling the readers about Shakespeare’s life and time. The poet opens with,
"Others abide our question. Thou art free
We ask and ask, thou smiles and act still,
Out-topping knowledge for the loftiest art"
He tells us about the knowledge of Shakespeare, and how his works reflects his identity. Others can’t skip their questions but he is free.

In line 4, the poet tells us that Shakespeare is like a king, and he is also steadfast and strong in his art. His dwelling place is in the heaven of heavens where he finds peace.
"Making the heaven if heavens his dwelling place
Spares but the cloudy border of his base,
To the foil searching of immortality"

The poet in eulogizing Shakespeare, said that the stars and sunbeam know him. He did not rise to prominence through school, he self-schooled, self-scanned, self-honoured and self-secured himself. He didn’t allow circumstances to bring him down, rather he used every opportunity to be at his best in his art no matter what. He rose above lack of self-esteem and insecurity.
"And thou who didst the stars and sunbeam know
Self-schooled, self-scanned, self-honoured, self-secure."

In the last three lines, Arnold tries to show us the few odds Shakespeare passed through as to rise to prominence in his art. He endured pains, grief and in time of weakness he never gave up on himself. All his self-denial paid off and he became victorious after all.
The poet portrays the life of Shakespeare to us, and his never giving up spirit, confidence, hard work and diligence that made him what he became, and how everything worked out for his good.
"All pains the immortal spirit must endure
All weakness that impairs, all griefs that bow
Find the sole voice in that victorious bow"

Moses Chibueze Opara aka Mr. Humility
(a contemporary Nigerian poet and poetry analyst)

Piano And Drums By Gabriel Okara

The Nigerian poet, Gabriel Okara who wrote the popular poem “Piano and Drums” hailed from Bayelsa state. He was born in the 1921. He was once a civil servant among many other career parts.

“Piano and Drums” as poem is symbolism of the poet’s dilemma in a position of cultural clash. The idea of cultural clash is the motivating or central message the poem passes to the readers.

The “Piano” which symbolised the poet’s westernised present lifestyle was compared with the “Drums” which symbolised the past village background of the poet; the comparison of the poet’s past with present way of living is referred to as the class of culture (since culture is defined as the lifestyle of a Continue reading Piano And Drums By Gabriel Okara

Discord In Childhood by D. H. Lawrence (Analyzed)

The poem opens with the poet telling us about an ash-tree outside a house with terrible whips. The poem is all about the evil of anger, and how destructive it can be. The wind was tamed by the whips from the tree as a ship showing the painful days of childhood.
"Outside the house an ash-tree hung its terrible whips
And at night when the wind arose, the lash of the tree shrieked and slashed the wind, as a ship’s
Weird rigging in a storm shrieks hideously"

In line 5, the poet tells us about two voices within the house disturbing the peace of the night. In anger, the voices arise rendering causes upon each other in disagreement over something. The voices begin to fight, one of the voices maybe the man bruised and drowned the woman in a silence of blood.
"Within the house two voices arose in anger, a slender lash
Whistling delirious rage, and dreadful sound
Of a thick lash booming and bruising,
Until it drowned the other voice in a silence of blood
The noise of the ash"

In the poem, the poet tries to tell us about what anger can cause in the family. The children suffer a lot when their parents are not in good terms as a result of anger. Disagreement at home between the husband and wife can lead to demoralization, lack of love, break up and death. Growing up in a home filled with anger and hate can destroy the self-esteem and life of the children. Anger can destroy the self- esteem of a child and it must dealt with for a home to stand.

Moses Chibueze Opara aka Mr. Humility
(a contemporary Nigerian poet and poetry analyst)


The silent agony of our eyes
Are filled with complains our hearts can’t bear,
Our homes are occupied by tenants of resentment and disappointment
Mumbling words only our hearts can hear.

We scream beyond our eyes
Life has treated us well!
We are pressed down with burdens, that are not ours
Burdens we trade during the night hours.

Can we escape the inevitable rot of life?
Can we embrace the voice within us?
Our faces are eaten up with thoughts of silence,
And blows of hunger and strife.

We are tired travellers
Finding our way home.

Copyright © Moses Chibueze Opara
(a contemporary Nigerian poet)

Analysis Of Hide And Seek By Vernon Scannell

TITLE:- Hide And Seek
AUTHOR:- Vernon Scannell
REGION:- Non-African
GENRE:- Poetry
SETTING:- The garden
CATEGORY:- Children/ Family
THEME:- Playing/ Recreation
FIGURATIVE:- Personification
LINES:- Twenty Seven
DICTION:- Simple
MOOD:- Playful
TONE:- Instructional
SALIENT:- "But where are they who sought you"
INTRO:- Call out. Call loud: ‘I’m ready! Come and find me!’

Narrate The Poem In Prose Form:-
Call out. Call loud: ‘I’m ready! Come and find me!’ because you’re carefully hiding in one of the smelly sacks in the dark toolshed; the sacks seriously smell like the seaside but you can’t risk coming out as not to be caught by those in search.
The ground is wet but you can hear them searching the nearby bush close to the swing. Even if situation calls for sneezing; you mustn’t or breath loud or move your feet but remain numb in your state of darkness.
You can still hear their footsteps again; someone stumbles, mutters, their words and laughter scuttle but they are heard no more yet you can’t risk coming out since they will still check around again
Okay. You’ve been in this dark hiding for quite awhile now: even your legs are now stiff, the cold bites through your coat, it’s time to claim you’re the winner.
You’re out of the dark toolshed only to discover it is already nighttime (darkness in the whole of the garden) and those searching had long gone home.

About The Poem:-
The poem is about children playing the game of hide-and-seek_ even the title of the poem made it known. The poem speaker represented the thought in the heart of the kid in hiding, the thoughts instructing the kid in hiding on how to properly hide in among the sacks in the toolshed so as to win the game of hide-as-seek. Unfortunately, the kid hid himself/ herself too long that those they played together had all gone. The darkness hiding place also prevented him/her from being aware of the nighttime.

Though the poem might portray a very deeper message but the sweet surface message has blindfolded it. For instance, the ambitious "Hide in your blindness" which might mean to stay in the dark whereas the deeper meaning might be to remain in ignorance. Another ambiguity is "Yes, here you are. But where are they who sought you?" which means that those searching for you are already gone but on the deeper side of meaning, it could suggest that in some certain dark recession in one’s life those that used to seek you will be there no more.

This 28 line poem is not multi-stanza. It has a simple rhythm with a couplet kind of rhyme. The first 25 lines is about hiding and seeking but the readers later found that the person in hiding had hidden to long and didn’t realize the game had long ended.

The hider came to realisation that he/she had stayed long in hiding according to line 28, "It seems a long time since they went away" then the last three lines of the poem brought the misconception to light.

1) Recreational children game:- Hide-and-Seek is a form of children play and the poem relay the activity including how a hider can properly hide during the game. Line 1 introduces the readers to the way the game normally begins and many lines in the poem shows perfect way of hiding "You’ve never heard them sound so hushed before/ Don’t breathe. Don’t move. Stay dumb. Hide in your blindness" (line 10-11)

2) Childhood reminiscence:- Hide and Seek by Vernon Scannell seems a form of recall to the poet or poem persona’s childhood experience.

3) Winning as a great motivating factor:- The poem and the action of the person in hiding revealed how strong the motive behind winning. The hiding had to do it right in order to win, he/she had to sacrifice light for darkness, sound for dumbness, movement for stillness, etc.

4) Misconception:- The person in hiding, misconstrued the darkness in the sack to the general darkness of the day and also misinterpreted the time spent in the sack to the general time of the day (The way Odysseus misinterpreted the time spent with Venus).

The beauty of the poem is not limited to its message, other things contributed. The simile, the personification, the alliteration, the repetition; all are part of the juice in the poem.
The poem opens with repetition "Call out. Call loud" then alliteration surfaced in the next line "sacks in the toolshed smell like seaside". "salty dark" is an imagery in line 3 telling of how annoying the darkness was. A couplet in line 4-5 "But be careful that your feet aren’t sticking out/ Wiser not risk another shout". Instances of personification are as follow: "the cold bites through your coat" "The dark damp smell of sand moves in your throat" "The darkening garden watches" "The bushes hold their breath".

The setting of the poem show the garden, the greenhouse, the toolshed, the sack. The mood is playful and the tone is instructive.
The poet, Vernon Scannell 1922-2007 was a British author with topics of war to his credit.

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Analyzed Ulysses By Alfred Lord Tennyson

This dramatic monologue is a masterpiece. At, we have analyzed poems that possessed monologue before and our reference goes to Analysis of The Pulley by George Herbert. Just for clarity sake, a poem where all the events are narrated by the poem speaker and the words of other characters are placed in quotation marks; such poem is said to possess a dramatic monologue.

Ulysses by Lord Alfred Tennyson (1809 – 1892) alluded to the Homer’s epic Odyssey to prove that the poem is adventure driven. Perhaps, one can also consider the poem a parody that aimed to challenge old age and its accompanied weariness and boredom.

"I cannot rest from travel: I will drink
Life to the lees: All times I have enjoy’d
Greatly, have suffer’d greatly, both with those
That loved me, and alone, on shore, and when
Thro’ scudding drifts the rainy Hyades
Vext the dim sea: I am become a name;"

From the excerpt above, Tennyson made his readers to see where his concern is based. Claiming that truly he might be old but not accustomed to staying at home and ruling in a boring four walls of a palace
The poem speaker still wants to practice his passion even in his old age; wants to be on battlegrounds, be on the foamy seas, etc.

Structurally, the poem is not just a dramatic monologue. It is written in an iambic pentameter in form of a blank verse (void of notable end rhyme pattern). The poem was broken into stanzas but unequal stanzas.

In line 1-6 the king is presented as an adventurous character with deep quest for travel. In line 16-17 shows that the more travel the more exposure and experience. It is seen that the poem speaker placed more value on outdoor pleasure than the indoor family pleasure (being tired of the warm hearth and old wife).

In the poem one can see the following themes:
(1) comparison between pleasure and family life
(2) old age and its limitations
(3) beauty in adventurous life
(4) leader in comparison to heroism
(5) death as the barrier to human life

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

In Time Of Silver Rain by Langston Hughes (10 Facts) shows some ten facts about the poem title: "In Time Of Silver Rain" by Langston Hughes:-

(1) "In Time Of Silver Rain" is a non-african poem
(2) The poem is written by Langston Hughes
(3) The poem is lacking in it stanza craft.
(4) "In Time Of Silver Rain" has a four stanza division
(5) "In Time Of Silver Rain" has more of repetition and personification as far as poetic devices are concerned
(6) Fertility, Mortality, Season are few of the themes in the poem.
(7) It is a good example of nature poem
(8) The poem’s language is 21st century in nature
(9) It is a free verse.
(10) The setting is biological.

The poem title: "In Time Of Silver Rain" by Langston Hughes is written to show how life is dependent on season (spring or rainy season). Just like the risen dead bones in the Bible story, all the dead or unborn plants and animals regarded life in spring time according to the context of the poem.

Langston Hughes was an African- American poet and activist loved not alone by his fellow African-American, but by all lovers of good poetry. Langston Hughes who was born in Missouri, lived 65 years on earth between 1st of February, 1902 and 22nd of May, 1967. He was also known for his poem "Let America Be America Again" and "The Negro Speaks Of Rivers".

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)


Praise to the giver of life
Praise to the taker of life
Praise to the grays
Praise to the foetus breathing
My praise to the white pigeons of peace
My praise to the kind doves of permanent blessings
My praise to the head
Among the four hundred and one
My praise to the Know-How
When trees fall on trees
My praise goes to the
Owl hooting
My praise goes to the
Night meowing
My praise goes to the
Dark chirping
My praise goes to the
Daily gravities
Moving thoughts and things
Beyond my reasonings
My praise goes to the ghosting father
And the forefathers of me
My praise goes also
To them with no ears
Yet vividly listening
To this rhyming of me
Carried by the breeze
Of this morning
Blowing north
Blowing west
To the east and south
I am not holier than thou
This day is bright
So bright and fair
O dear deities
Make it of joy
To me and all
Reading these lines.

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(The Leo with wings flying)

Few Among The Questions Naijapoets Visitors Have Been Asking

A naijapoets viewer asked:
"What is the meaning of blue peter?"

Admin Response to the question:
"If you rely on the phrase alone, you will miss the idea.

Im of the opinion that the "blue peter" means depressed fishermen. The word "peter" is part of the biblical allusion created by Gbemisola Adeoti between line 5-7 "fishers turn home at dusk/ blue peter on empty ships/ all Peters with petered out desires"’

A naijapoets viewer asked:
"Comment on blood of a stranger as a satires of culture"

Admin Response to the question:
"Probably if you have read the story, these points will be of assistance.

1) give a brief recap of the story
2) then talk about how people of Mando cherish their culture so dearly
3) talk about how the love of money made some of the characters in the drama go against their cultural believes
4) talk about how the trusted Soko was not as reliable as he seemed (he didn’t sleep in the shrine at night, he gave false prophecies)
5) talk about how Kindo didn’t regard the shrine as a sacred place
6) add other ideas that can back your opinion"

A naijapoets viewer asked:
"What is the literary appreciation of the poem ambush???"

Admin Response to the question:
"Speaking from an angle of a literature in English teacher I have to tell you that if you are asked to discuss the literary appreciation in Ambush by Gbemisola Adeoti just state that the poem is about improper governance in certain place which the poet symbolized as "The Land" in the inception of most stanzas of the poem. Then you have to tell your examiner about the major points or messages of the poem which are "The Themes" the talk about the figures of speech in the poem (e.g metaphor, repetition, alliteration, etc)

The two links below should be of a very huge assist in fishing out the themes, figure of speech (also called poetic devices), the structure, etc in the poem Ambush by Gbemisola Adeoti:-

(Link 1)

(Link 2)"

A naijapoets viewer asked:
"What makes Birches a nature poem"

Admin Response to the question:
"Any poem that poem that glorifies natural things like vegetation, hill, tree, sea, weather, season, star, sun, etc are nature poem. Schoolboy by William Blake is a good example. Daffodils by William Wordsworth is a good example. Road Not Taken by Robert Frost is a good example. Birches by Robert Frost is a good example.

Besides the fact that Robert Frost took time to describe the birch tree in the poem, he also made mention of many nature elements as "ice-storms" in line 5 and 22, "snow-crust" in line 11, "woods" in line 17, "Earth" in line 52, "cobwebs" in line 45, etc."

A naijapoets viewer asked:
"Examine the relationship between Wole Soyinka and Abiku and the arrangements between them"

Admin Response to the question:
"In an attempt to give personal opinionated answer to your question, Wole Soyinka is a Nigerian, the country where ethnicity and culture still maintain their long roots. Africa, not excluding Nigeria is a place where superstition can never end and one among such superstitions is the believe "abiku" a Yoruba name meaning the spirit child. Wole Soyinka could not separate himself from such believe because he’s a Yoruba person.

As of the poem, Abiku speaks of himself as if yet known; to the extent, he considers mentioning those things that can appease him:
“Must I weep for goats and cowries
For palm oil and the sprinkled ash?
Yams do not sprout in amulets
To earth Abiku’s limbs.” (in stanza 2)

Abiku has a consistent personality and in such wise, the abiku concept can be compared to the adamant, persistent and consistent personality of Wole Soyinka in his chosen career field and other aspects of living.

These themes are evident in the poem to support the Abiku philosophy: (1) cultural believe (2) supernatural (3) pride (4) discontentment. The poem is of 8 stanzas with 4 lines each. It holds a rural setting with a boastful tone. The few poetic devices evident in the poem are rhetorical question in line 5-6, personification in line 23, an apostrophe in line 26, imagery in line 16, metaphor in line 13-14, run-on-line in line 10-11, repetition of Abiku, time, oil, etc.

If these thoughts of mine seem a little bit helpful to you, do endeavor to share on your Facebook, Twitter, Google+, whatsapp, etc. Always visit to catch up with updates. Thanks Asking Something"

A naijapoets viewer asked:
"how does the poet exposes the effect of war in the dining table"

Admin Response to the question:
"You do agree that The Dining Table by Gbanabom Hallowell is a war poem.
The following words taken from the poem show the effect of war (1) my boots are suddenly too reluctant to walk, (2) cholera breaks its spell on cracked lips, (3) my Nile, even without tributaries come lazy, (4) vegetables die in their tongue (5) switchblades in their eyes, (6) the spilt milk of the moon, (7) guests look into the oceans of bowls (8) gun wounds, (9) children from alphabeta.

If the question you ask was given to you as an assignment, you will first tell your teacher a brief background of the poet and briefly what the poem is about then follow by the 9 effect of war I have listed here. After you have done that, conclude you answer by telling you teacher that all the points listed are prove that the war had a very huge negative effect on the victims."

If you the reader find this post helpful do kindly share naijapoets on your Facebook, Twitter, Whatsapp, or Google+ by using the Addthis button.

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